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PubMed: Chronic exposure to ∆ <sup>9</sup>-tetrahydrocannabinol in adolescence decreases social play behaviours

PubMed: Chronic exposure to ∆ <sup>9</sup>-tetrahydrocannabinol in adolescence decreases social play behaviours

F1000Res. 2021 Nov 24;10:1191. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.53891.1. eCollection 2021.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cannabis use remains a major public health concern, and its use typically begins in adolescence. Chronic administration of ∆ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive compound in cannabis, during adolescence can produce deficits in adult learning and memory, stress reactivity and anxiety. One possible mechanism behind the disruptions in adulthood from adolescent exposure to THC includes changes in social behaviours, such as social play, which has been shown to be critical to socio-cognitive development. Methods: Here, using an established animal model of adolescent THC exposure in male and female Long-Evans rats, we explored the effects of THC on play behaviour during the chronic administration period. Following puberty onset, as indicated by external changes to the genitalia, THC (5mg/kg) was administered for 14 days. Play behaviour was assessed seven days following the onset of the injection period at approximately 1 hour post treatment. The frequency of nape attacks, the likelihood and tactics of defensive behaviour, and pins were scored and analyzed. Results: THC exposure decreased playfulness in adolescent rats including the number of attacks, likelihood of defense and pins compared to control and vehicle treated rats. Conclusion: This suggests that THC suppresses both the attack and defense components of social play. This is an important finding because there is evidence that attack and defense may be mediated by different mechanisms. Furthermore, the effect of THC exposure decreasing playfulness occurred similarly in males and females.

PMID:34987774 | PMC:PMC8689401 | DOI:10.12688/f1000research.53891.1

#CBD #Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34987774/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=None&utm_content=1jYCQzi_o_qLYr-oQfnMhShgOXkvGma3vcnBGJtrBhuJMOvEVJ&fc=None&ff=20220107055850&v=2.17.5 January 6, 2022 11:00 am

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