PubMed: Effect of Cannabidiol on Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells and CD4+ T Cells

PubMed: Effect of Cannabidiol on Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells and CD4+ T Cells

Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Oct 4;24(19):14880. doi: 10.3390/ijms241914880.

ABSTRACT

Cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychoactive component of Cannabis sativa L., is widely used in therapy for the treatment of different diseases and as an adjuvant drug. Our aim was to assess the effects of CBD on proinflammatory cytokine production and cell proliferation in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and on CD4+ T lymphocyte differentiation, and, furthermore, to test CBD’s ability to affect the functional properties of regulatory T cells (Treg). Experiments were performed on isolated PBMCs and purified CD4+ T lymphocytes obtained from the buffy coats of healthy subjects. Cytokines produced by CD4+ T cells were evaluated by flow cytometry and intracellular cytokine staining techniques. PBMC cytokine production was measured by an ELISA assay. Real-time PCR was used to assess the mRNA expression of cytokines and the key transcription factors (TFs) of CD4+ T cells. Finally, the proliferation of PBMC and CD4+ T effector cells (Teff), alone and in the presence of Treg, was assessed by flow cytometry. Results showed that CBD affects both the frequency of IL-4-producing CD4+ and of IFN-γ/IL-17-producing cells and dramatically decreases the mRNA levels of all TFs. Stimuli-induced cytokine mRNA expression was decreased while protein production was unaffected. CBD was unable to affect the ability of Treg to prevent Teff cell proliferation while it slightly increased PBMC proliferation. In conclusion, CBD may inhibit the expression of proinflammatory cytokines; however, the effect of CBD on cell proliferation suggests that this cannabinoid exerts a complex activity on human PBMCs and CD4+ T cells which deserves further investigation.

PMID:37834328 | DOI:10.3390/ijms241914880

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37834328/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20231014190555&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac October 14, 2023 10:00 am