PubMed: Effects of Cannabidiol and delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol on Cytochrome P450 Enzymes: A Systematic Review

PubMed: Effects of Cannabidiol and delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol on Cytochrome P450 Enzymes: A Systematic Review

Drug Metab Rev. 2024 Apr 24:1-20. doi: 10.1080/03602532.2024.2346767. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Due to legal, political, and cultural changes, the use of cannabis has rapidly increased in recent years. Research has demonstrated that the cannabinoids cannabidiol (CBD) and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) inhibit and induce cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes. The objective of this review is to evaluate the effect of CBD and THC on the activity of CYP450 enzymes and the implications for drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with psychotropic agents that are CYP substrates. A systematic search was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and PsychINFO. Search terms included ‘cannabidiol’, ‘tetrahydrocannabinol and ‘cytochrome P450’. A total of seven studies evaluating the interaction of THC and CBD with CYP450 enzymes and psychotropic drugs were included. Both preclinical and clinical studies were included.Results from the included studies indicate that both CBD and THC inhibit several CYP450 enzymes including, but not limited to, CYP1A2, CYP3C19, and CYP2B6. While there are a few known CYP450 enzymes that are induced by THC and CBD, the induction of CYP450 enzymes is an understudied area of research and lacks clinical data. The inhibitory effects observed by CBD and THC on CYP450 enzymes vary in magnitude and may decrease the metabolism of psychotropic agents, changes in plasma levels of psychotropic medications, and increase adverse effects. Our findings clearly present interactions between THC and CBD and several CYP450 enzymes, providing clinicians evidence of a high risk of DDIs for patients who consume both cannabis and psychotropic medication. However, more clinical research is necessary before results are applied to clinical settings.

PMID:38655747 | DOI:10.1080/03602532.2024.2346767

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38655747/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1Ds1JEbG0OWaBdqM3tTUGjkFhFGaOtMecPdpuvzbuubWi6d9Fn&fc=20231022105433&ff=20240424142106&v=2.18.0.post9+e462414 April 24, 2024 10:00 am