PubMed: Electroactive Polymer-Based Spray Ionization for Direct Mass Spectrometric Analysis

PubMed: Electroactive Polymer-Based Spray Ionization for Direct Mass Spectrometric Analysis

J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2022 Sep 23. doi: 10.1021/jasms.2c00148. Online ahead of print.


Electrochemically deposited electroactive polymer (EAP) films were investigated for their potential to enhance the performance of ambient ionization mass spectrometry (MS). Several EAPs of varying hydrophobicity were evaluated, including the superhydrophobic polymer poly[3,4-(2-dodecylethylenedioxy)thiophene] (PEDOT-C12). The EAPs were electropolymerized onto indium tin oxide-coated glass, placed in front of the inlet of a mass spectrometer, and charged to 3.5-4.5 kV. Analyte solutions were then applied to the surface, initiating ionization events. Analytes including peptides and small molecule pharmaceuticals were studied in 0.1% formic acid in methanol/water (“spray solvent”) as well as in synthetic biological fluid matrices, using both EAP spray ionization (EAPSI) and paper spray ionization (PSI). Each EAPSI analysis required as little as 0.1 μL of solution, and the resulting sprays were stable and reproducible. The sensitivity, limit of detection (LOD), and limit of quantification (LOQ) were evaluated using bradykinin, cannabinol, and cannabidiol, which were prepared in pure solvents, artificial urine, and artificial saliva. The limits of detection and quantitation for EAPSI were improved relative to PSI by 1-2 orders of magnitude for analytes prepared in methanol/water and on the same order of magnitude as PSI for analytes prepared in artificial saliva and urine. This EAP-based spray ionization technique offers possibilities for rapid MS analysis with small sample sizes, high accuracy, and miniaturization of MS instruments.

PMID:36149251 | DOI:10.1021/jasms.2c00148

#CBD #Hemp–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20220929162129&v=2.17.8 September 23, 2022 10:00 am

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