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PubMed: Genome-wide polymorphism and genic selection in feral and domesticated lineages of Cannabis sativa

PubMed: Genome-wide polymorphism and genic selection in feral and domesticated lineages of Cannabis sativa

G3 (Bethesda). 2022 Aug 26:jkac209. doi: 10.1093/g3journal/jkac209. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

A comprehensive understanding of the degree to which genomic variation is maintained by selection versus drift and gene flow is lacking in many important species such as Cannabis sativa (C. sativa), one of the oldest known crops to be cultivated by humans worldwide. We generated whole genome resequencing data across diverse samples of feralized (escaped domesticated lineages) and domesticated lineages of C. sativa. We performed analyses to examine population structure, and genome wide scans for FST, balancing selection, and positive selection. Our analyses identified evidence for sub-population structure and further support the Asian origin hypothesis of this species. Feral plants sourced from the U.S. exhibited broad regions on chromosomes 4 and 10 with high F̄ST which may indicate chromosomal inversions maintained at high frequency in this sub-population. Both our balancing and positive selection analyses identified loci that may reflect differential selection for traits favored by natural selection and artificial selection in feral versus domesticated sub-populations. In the U.S. feral sub-population, we found six loci related to stress response under balancing selection and one gene involved in disease resistance under positive selection, suggesting local adaptation to new climates and biotic interactions. In the marijuana sub-population, we identified the gene SMALLER TRICHOMES WITH VARIABLE BRANCHES 2 to be under positive selection which suggests artificial selection for increased tetrahydrocannabinol yield. Overall, the data generated, and results obtained from our study help to form a better understanding of the evolutionary history in C. sativa.

PMID:36018239 | DOI:10.1093/g3journal/jkac209

#CBD #Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36018239/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=None&utm_content=1jYCQzi_o_qLYr-oQfnMhShgOXkvGma3vcnBGJtrBhuJMOvEVJ&fc=None&ff=20220826162022&v=2.17.7 August 26, 2022 10:00 am

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