PubMed: Hemp seed globulin-alginate nanoparticles for encapsulation of Cannabisin A with enhanced colloidal stability and antioxidant activity

PubMed: Hemp seed globulin-alginate nanoparticles for encapsulation of Cannabisin A with enhanced colloidal stability and antioxidant activity

Int J Biol Macromol. 2023 Nov 22:128380. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.128380. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

This study develops hemp seed globulin (GLB)-alginate (ALG) nanoparticles (GANPs) for Cannabisin A (CA) stabilization under environmental stress and during pepsin digestion. The optimal GLB: ALG mass ratio of 1: 1.5 was determined for GANPs formation at pH 3.5, resulting in a high yield of 95.13 ± 0.91 %, a ζ-potential of -35.73 ± 1.04 mV, a hydrodynamic diameter of 470.67 ± 11.36 nm, and a PDI of 0.298 ± 0.016. GANPs were employed to encapsulate CA, achieving a high loading capacity of 13.48 ± 0.04 μg mg-1. FTIR analysis demonstrated that the formation of CA-GLB-ALG nanoparticles (CGANPs) involves electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonding, and hydrophobic interactions. XRD and DSC analyses revealed that CA is amorphous within the CGANPs. CGANPs demonstrated remarkable dispersion stability as well as resistance to high ionic strength and high-temperature treatments, indicating their potential as efficient hydrophobic drug-delivery vehicles. When compared to free CA, CA coated within CGANPs displayed greater DPPH/ABTS scavenging activity. Furthermore, the ALG-shelled nanoparticles protected GLB from pepsin digestion and slowed the release of CA throughout the release process, extending their stay on the intestinal wall mucosa. These findings imply that CGANPs is an ideal delivery vehicle for CA as they may expand the application of CA in food items.

PMID:38000582 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2023.128380

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38000582/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1Ds1JEbG0OWaBdqM3tTUGjkFhFGaOtMecPdpuvzbuubWi6d9Fn&fc=20231022105433&ff=20231125082448&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac November 24, 2023 11:00 am