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PubMed: Magnetic restricted-access carbon nanotubes for SPME to determine cannabinoids in plasma samples by UHPLC-MS/MS

PubMed: Magnetic restricted-access carbon nanotubes for SPME to determine cannabinoids in plasma samples by UHPLC-MS/MS

Anal Chim Acta. 2022 Sep 15;1226:340160. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2022.340160. Epub 2022 Jul 20.

ABSTRACT

This manuscript describes the development of magnetic restricted-access carbon nanotubes (M-RACNTs) for use as SPME sorbent to determine cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in human plasma samples by UHPLC-MS/MS. The adsorptive phase was immobilized on an SPME device by electromagnetic interactions between the M-RACNTs and a cylindrical neodymium magnet (3-mm diameter x 8-mm height) attached to a stainless-steel rod (3-mm diameter x 40-mm height). The M-RACNTs were synthesized by incorporating Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) into commercial carbon nanotubes (CNTs); then the surface of the resulting sorbent was further coated with a layer of bovine serum albumin (BSA). Characterization techniques (SEM, FTIR, and Zeta potential) confirmed the presence of both MNPs and BSA layer dispersed through the structure of the CNTs. The M-RACNTs presented adequate sorption capacity, stable physical/chemical characteristics, and appropriate magnetic properties. Protein exclusion capacity (about 98.5%) was attributed to the chemical diffusion barrier created by the BSA network at the outer surface of the sorbent. The SPME parameters (sample pH, equilibrium time, and desorption conditions) were optimized by design of experiments (fraction factorial planning). The method (validated according to the FDA guidelines) presented adequate selectivity and linearity (coefficient of determination higher than 0.99) at concentrations ranging from the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) (10 ng mL-1) to the upper limit of quantification (ULOQ) (300 ng mL-1) for both CBD and THC. Precision and accuracy varied from 4.47 to 19.84% (LLOQ) and -6.90 to 17.78% (LLOQ), respectively. Carry-over and matrix effect were not significant. The method was successfully applied to determine plasmatic CBD levels in healthy volunteers attending a single session of oral drug administration and THC levels in frequent cannabis smokers.

PMID:36068070 | DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2022.340160

#CBD #Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36068070/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=None&utm_content=1jYCQzi_o_qLYr-oQfnMhShgOXkvGma3vcnBGJtrBhuJMOvEVJ&fc=None&ff=20220907162021&v=2.17.8 September 6, 2022 10:00 am

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