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PubMed: Phytochemical Characterization of <em>Cannabis sativa</em> L. Chemotype V Reveals Three New Dihydrophenanthrenoids That Favorably Reprogram Lipid Mediator Biosynthesis in Macrophages

PubMed: Phytochemical Characterization of <em>Cannabis sativa</em> L. Chemotype V Reveals Three New Dihydrophenanthrenoids That Favorably Reprogram Lipid Mediator Biosynthesis in Macrophages

Plants (Basel). 2022 Aug 16;11(16):2130. doi: 10.3390/plants11162130.

ABSTRACT

The growing general interest surrounding Cannabis sativa L. has led to a renewal in breeding and resulted in an impressive variability of chemotypical characteristics that required the division of cannabis into different recognized chemotypes. The chemotype V has been overlooked in terms of phytochemical composition due to the almost total absence of cannabinoids, on which biomedical attention is focused. Systematic approaches addressing diverse chemotypes are, however, needed to discriminate and define phytochemical aspects beyond cannabinoids. Such thoroughly characterized chemotypes guarantee blinding in controlled studies by mimicking the sensory properties of hemp and may help to unravel the “entourage effect”. Capitalizing on the ability of cannabis to synthesize a large number of non-cannabinoid phenolic compounds, we here investigated, for the first time, the composition of the Ermo chemotype V and identified new compounds: two dihydrophenanthrenes and the methoxy-dihydrodenbinobin. All three compounds suppress pro-inflammatory leukotriene biosynthesis in activated macrophage subtypes by targeting 5-lipoxygenase, but substantially differ in their capacity to elevate the levels of specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators and their precursors in M2 macrophages. We conclude that the discovered compounds likely contribute to the anti-inflammatory properties of Cannabis sativa L. chemotype V and might promote inflammation resolution by promoting a lipid mediator class switch.

PMID:36015434 | DOI:10.3390/plants11162130

#CBD #Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36015434/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=None&utm_content=1jYCQzi_o_qLYr-oQfnMhShgOXkvGma3vcnBGJtrBhuJMOvEVJ&fc=None&ff=20220826162022&v=2.17.7 August 26, 2022 10:00 am

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