PubMed: Study of Dyeing Process of Hemp/Cotton Fabrics by Using Natural Dyes Obtained from <em>Rubia tinctorum</em> L. and <em>Calendula officialis</em>

PubMed: Study of Dyeing Process of Hemp/Cotton Fabrics by Using Natural Dyes Obtained from <em>Rubia tinctorum</em> L. and <em>Calendula officialis</em>

Polymers (Basel). 2022 Oct 25;14(21):4508. doi: 10.3390/polym14214508.

ABSTRACT

The objective of this work was to assess the possibility of dyeing a substrate composed of non-textile industrial hemp using natural dyes from common madder (Rubia Tinctorum L.) and calendula (Calendula Officialis) and tannin and alum as mordants. The substrate used for the dyeing had a 25/75 hemp/cotton composition. The hemp raw material is an agricultural by-product that was subjected to mechanical and chemical treatments in order to cottonize the fibers, blend them with cotton, and thus obtain first 40-tex open-end yarns and then a knitted fabric. The latter was subjected to different dyeing conditions by varying the dye, mordant, and method for its application, type of water, and rinsing after dyeing. Measurements of the difference (ΔE) and intensity (K/S) of color and fastness to washing and rubbing were carried out. The results showed that dyeing of a non-textile residual hemp substrate is possible, and that calendula is a good option for dyeing it with tap water, tannin-alum set in a meta-mordanting process, and rinsing after 24 h. In this way, a contribution has been made to the circular economy of the textile industry through the use of more sustainable sources and products.

PMID:36365502 | DOI:10.3390/polym14214508

#CBD #Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36365502/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20221111152108&v=2.17.8 November 11, 2022 11:00 am

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