PubMed: The NLRP3 inflammasome: a vital player in inflammation and mediating the anti-inflammatory effect of CBD

PubMed: The NLRP3 inflammasome: a vital player in inflammation and mediating the anti-inflammatory effect of CBD

Inflamm Res. 2024 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s00011-023-01831-y. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The NLRP3 inflammasome is a vital player in the emergence of inflammation. The priming and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome is a major trigger for inflammation which is a defense response against adverse stimuli. However, the excessive activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome can lead to the development of various inflammatory diseases. Cannabidiol, as the second-most abundant component in cannabis, has a variety of pharmacological properties, particularly anti-inflammation. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol has a lower affinity for cannabinoid receptors, which may be the reason why it is not psychoactive. Notably, the mechanism by which cannabidiol exerts its anti-inflammatory effect is still unclear.

METHODS: We have performed a literature review based on published original and review articles encompassing the NLRP3 inflammasome and cannabidiol in inflammation from central databases, including PubMed and Web of Science.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In this review, we first summarize the composition and activation process of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Then, we list possible molecular mechanisms of action of cannabidiol. Next, we explain the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome and the anti-inflammatory effect of cannabidiol in inflammatory disorders. Finally, we emphasize the capacity of cannabidiol to suppress inflammation by blocking the NLRP3 signaling pathway, which indicates that cannabidiol is a quite promising anti-inflammatory compound.

PMID:38191853 | DOI:10.1007/s00011-023-01831-y

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38191853/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1Ds1JEbG0OWaBdqM3tTUGjkFhFGaOtMecPdpuvzbuubWi6d9Fn&fc=20231022105433&ff=20240109072440&v=2.18.0 January 9, 2024 11:00 am