Cannabinoid Metabolites as Inhibitors of CYP450 Enzymes, With Implications for Cannabis-drug Interactions

Cannabinoid metabolites as inhibitors of major hepatic CYP450 enzymes, with implications for cannabis-drug interactions
Drug Metabolism and Disposition; September 7, 2021

Abstract
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“THC competitively inhibited CYPs 1A2, 2B6, 2C9, and 2D6, CBD competitively inhibited CYPs 3A4, 2B6, 2C9, 2D6, and 2E1, and CBN competitively inhibited CYPs 2B6, 2C9, and 2E1. THC and CBD showed mixed-type inhibition for CYP2C19 and CYP1A2, respectively. These data suggest that cannabinoids and major THC metabolites are able to inhibit the activities of multiple CYP enzymes, and basic static modelling of these data suggest the possibility of pharmacokinetic interactions between these cannabinoids and xenobiotics extensively metabolized by CYP2B6, CYP2C9 and CYP2D6.

Significance Statement
Major cannabinoids and their metabolites found in the plasma of cannabis users inhibit several CYP enzymes, including CYP2B6, CYP2C9, and CYP2D6. This study is the first to show the inhibition potential of the most abundant plasma cannabinoid metabolite, THC-COO-Gluc, and suggests that circulating metabolites of cannabinoids play an essential role in CYP450 enzyme inhibition as well as drug-drug interactions.”

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