PubMed: Sex Differences in the Safety and Subjective Effects of Two Oral Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Containing Cannabis Products over Multiple Doses Among Healthy Adults
Cannabis Cannabinoid Res. 2023 Aug 11. doi: 10.1089/can.2022.0340. Online ahead of print.
Introduction: A growing number of females report consuming cannabis products. There is a paucity of data on sex differences in safety and subjective effects after repeated use of varying oral doses of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; the primary psychoactive constituent of cannabis). Materials and Methods: Data were from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-dose, between-subject trials of two THC-containing oral cannabis products. Healthy adults received placebo, low-dose THC (∼2.5 or ∼5 mg per dose), or high-dose THC (∼7.5 or ∼10 mg per dose) twice daily for 7 days. There were 38 males (8 placebo, 17 low-dose THC, 13 high-dose THC) and 46 females (8 placebo, 17 low-dose THC, 21 high-dose THC). Analyses compared adverse events (AEs) and subjective effects between males and females, by THC dose. Results: In the placebo and low-dose THC groups, there were no sex differences in the relative rate of AEs. In the high-dose THC group, females versus males reported 3.08 (95% confidence interval [CI]=1.31-8.33) times as many AEs. There were no significant interactions of sex×low-dose THC group for any subjective effect. In the high-dose THC group, females versus males reported greater “relaxed” ratings (b=15.14, 95% CI=1.44-28.84, p=0.027), whereas in the placebo group, males versus females reported greater ratings of “liking the effect” (b=-30.01, 95% CI=2.77-57.26, p=0.028). Although analyses were underpowered to assess the sex×THC dose×day interaction, the initial sex disparity in AEs and some subjective effects in the high-dose THC group appeared to shrink after the first day. Conclusions: In this exploratory analysis, sex differences in some responses to oral THC were nuanced. Females appeared more sensitive than males to AEs and some subjective effects at higher but not lower doses. Males reported higher ratings than females on some subjective effects in response to placebo. Initial sex differences in response to higher doses of oral THC tended to diminish over 7 days of dosing. If replicated, findings could help inform sex-specific dosing strategies of medical cannabis products and could help educate medical cannabis patients on any temporality of effects.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37582197/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20230821190548&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac August 15, 2023 10:00 am