Cannabinoid Metabolites as Inhibitors of CYP450 Enzymes, With Implications for Cannabis-drug Interactions

Cannabinoid metabolites as inhibitors of major hepatic CYP450 enzymes, with implications for cannabis-drug interactions
Drug Metabolism and Disposition; September 7, 2021

Abstract
[…]
“THC competitively inhibited CYPs 1A2, 2B6, 2C9, and 2D6, CBD competitively inhibited CYPs 3A4, 2B6, 2C9, 2D6, and 2E1, and CBN competitively inhibited CYPs 2B6, 2C9, and 2E1. THC and CBD showed mixed-type inhibition for CYP2C19 and CYP1A2, respectively. These data suggest that cannabinoids and major THC metabolites are able to inhibit the activities of multiple CYP enzymes, and basic static modelling of these data suggest the possibility of pharmacokinetic interactions between these cannabinoids and xenobiotics extensively metabolized by CYP2B6, CYP2C9 and CYP2D6.

Significance Statement
Major cannabinoids and their metabolites found in the plasma of cannabis users inhibit several CYP enzymes, including CYP2B6, CYP2C9, and CYP2D6. This study is the first to show the inhibition potential of the most abundant plasma cannabinoid metabolite, THC-COO-Gluc, and suggests that circulating metabolites of cannabinoids play an essential role in CYP450 enzyme inhibition as well as drug-drug interactions.”

The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Molecular Mechanisms and Targets

The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Molecular Mechanisms and Targets
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(9), 4876

Abstract
“Cannabidiol (CBD), the major nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent, has been proposed for the treatment of a wide panel of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety, schizophrenia, epilepsy and drug addiction due to the ability of its versatile scaffold to interact with diverse molecular targets that are not restricted to the endocannabinoid system. Albeit the molecular mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effects of CBD have yet to be fully elucidated, many efforts have been devoted in the last decades to shed light on its complex pharmacological profile. In particular, an ever-increasing number of molecular targets linked to those disorders have been identified for this phytocannabinoid, along with the modulatory effects of CBD on their cascade signaling. In this view, here we will try to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the molecular basis underlying the therapeutic effects of CBD involved in the treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders.”

Patent- METHOD AND COMPOSITION FOR TREATING EATING DISORDERS

Patent- METHOD AND COMPOSITION FOR TREATING EATING DISORDERS

Abstract
“Method and composition for treating eating disorders in humans and veterinary animals by administering a composition including: (i) mirtazapine, (ii) a cannabis compound and (iii) a fat-soluble vitamin.”

Performance Evaluation of Hemp Concrete by Non-destructive Test

Performance evaluation of hemp concrete by non-destructive test
Materials Today: Proceedings, available online 25 September 2021

Abstract
“Non-destructive test (NDT) is used to find the physical properties of concrete without any destruction to the structure. There are various methods of NDT in order to calculate the strength of concrete members. Hemp is a type of agro-waste which can be used to make Hemp concrete by mixing cement, aggregates, Hemp, admixtures and water in desired proportion. The aim of the study was to correlate the Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) with compressive strength, in order to determine equations between direct UPV with indirect UPV and to develop correlation between direct UPV with Compressive strength. In this study, 6 cubes of Hemp concrete of size 150 mm X 150 mm X 150 mm were casted and cured for 7–28 days, dried and tested for direct UPV, indirect UPV and compressive strength. Then these values are correlated with each other to determine the association in direct UPV, indirect UPV and Compressive strength. The most excellent fit curve for compressive strength and NDT values were obtained and equations were derived. These equations will be able to determine the concrete relative strength element (new or existing structural member) without destruction.”

The Lie of FDA’s Exclusion Rule

Someone please sell a phytocannabinoid product containing all the minor cannabinoids so that a Big Pharma company can’t “pull a GW” and get a monopoly on that cannabinoid from the corrupt FDA.

And do it soon please: the corruption is polluting FDA daily with their Exclusion Rule (ER), used to the exact opposite of its stated mission. If it won’t Congress certainly can; see (ll) in the statute.

The mission of the rule, it’s entire reason for existence FDA says, is to encourage the development of new medicines thereby superseding any dietary supplement from being put on the market with the same ingredient, in this case Cannabidiol from a plant.

However, few compounds in history have had the avalanche of interest as CBD today. Therefore, FDA is using the ER not to encourage development of new medicines, but rather to stymie them for the benefit of just one company.

It’s unfair to the public, to patients, to the market, to good governance, to FDA’s reputation, and ultimately to society to continue this charade. It even has impacts far beyond our borders as the global community of patients is stuck with very few options, some as expensive as $42,000 or more annually. Meanwhile, there are thousands of eager quality qualified cannabinoid companies willing to serve them with safe, effective, standardized medicines made in a certified, GMP factory.

But wait, it gets worse: to invoke the Exclusion Rule, GW’s Epidiolex had to be the first CBD product ever sold legally in the U.S. before its IND application in 2015, and it wasn’t. One example is a CBD nasal spray for Dravet’s Syndrome marketed as Cannatol, which was made in Colorado and sold legally in 2011. There are other prior products legally marketed as CBD before 2015, which is somewhat late to the CBD game. I consider 2010 to be when the U.S. CBD industry as we know it started, Lawrence Ringo‘s genetics work driving it, and a number of CBD products were coming out of Colorado, Michigan, and Humboldt even before 2015.

Plus there are the hundreds of patent medicines made by many of today’s drug companies and dispensed by pharmacists, which even pre-date FDA’s existence by 80 years. Those that contained Cannabis also invariably contained CBD, especially the hemp products using “Cannabis Americana.” Dr. Roger Adams’ patent on CBD in 1942 even mentions that the best source is “wild Minnesota Hemp.”

FDA has done this before, to red yeast rice extract and more recently, to N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). That it invoked the ER against selling of dietary supplement NAC in the middle of a global pandemic is cruelly criminal, as NAC is very effective against virii and was sold over the counter. It’s been almost 60 years since NAC was tested as a drug, and is not on the market today as one.

This rule is costing lives. Demand Congress and FDA do the right thing… for once.

Hemp & Fascism

Regarding Hemp in Italy, from Canapando:

“Cannabis & Fascism

A small excerpt from the history of Hemp at the time of Fascism.

Many know the numerous uses that can be made of hemp and that its cultivation and exploitation by man dates back more than 2500 years ago.

However, not everyone knows that Italy has a prestigious tradition in this field both for the quality and quantity of cannabis produced.

Among other things, paradoxically, the heyday for the Italian hemp sector was between the early 1920s and the mid 1940s, in the midst of the Fascist period.

Between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the Italian hemp yarn was renowned all over the world for its softness, luster and whiteness.

These crops were mainly distributed in Northern Italy and it is estimated that in 1923 the sector employed about 20,000 people as reported in the Catalog of the Linificio e Canapificio Nazionale. This catalog was an expression of the national industrial association. In short, it was not the stuff of long-haired junkies as a certain part of public opinion wants to pass those who do business with this plant, but prestigious businessmen.

Important processing plants for this plant were located in Cassano d’Adda, where already in 1895 there was a rope factory that exported all over the world and in Genoa which boasted a company of yarns for the naval industry first in the whole Mediterranean for production.

Italy was so advanced in Europe that in 1913 the Reich Office for the Interior drafted a report on the cultivation and processing of hemp in Italy.

This is an excerpt: “ The overall extension of hemp cultivation in Italy is currently to be estimated at around 90,000-100,000 hectares. In the first place is definitely Emilia, in particular the province of Ferrara, where about 12% of the entire surface is worked with hemp ”.

In 1918 the union of Spinners and Hemp Weavers was born.

Of course, this sector too was coordinated and supervised by the Fascist Farmers Confederation, which controlled all the consortia.

In practice, it regulated production, proportioning it to the demand for consumption, using the most suitable land and areas, but also valued the products, seeds and derivatives, and promoted the maceration processes of the fiber and the technical evolution.

The importance of the hemp sector was such that the Duce himself put it this way in 1925 : “Hemp was placed by the Duce, on the agenda of the nation, because autarchic par excellence is destined to emancipate us as much as possible from the heavy tax we have again abroad in the textile fiber sector. It is not only the agricultural economic side, there is also the social side whose impact could not be better highlighted than by the following figure: 30,000 workers to whom the Italian hemp industry employs”.

The beginning of the decline in the reputation of cannabis came a few years later when the historical process that led us to the falsifications and mystifications of today begins.

Hashish, its recreational derivative, is declared an enemy of race and drugs by “ner**i”.

Despite this, the industrial use of the plant continued to grow until the end of the Second World War.

In 1941, ENEC , the National Hemp Exporting Body, was born , which has a monopoly on the sale abroad of both raw and combed hemp and hemp tow and controls the export of manufactured goods. Also in the same year, the area cultivated with hemp went from 60 thousand hectares in 1934 to 102 thousand .

This is the peak of production in Italy, from here on an unstoppable meltdown will begin.

A decline desired by politics and international lobbies, which have pushed the use of fibers derived from petroleum such as rayon, nylon or cotton.

On the other hand, Italy had entered the western bloc and the Marshall Plan did not allow for replicas in terms of industrial and economic strategic choices.

Thus the American boycott together with its prohibition makes it an ideological question and defines the contours of an evil work: the slow decline of one of the most useful plants for man and its demonization.

The result was the national extinction of all types of crops in 1971.”

Cheese = Schedule 1?

Cheese is dangerous and of “no medical value” with a “high potential for abuse.” It meets all the requirements for Schedule I, unlike Cannabis.

I actually sold over $100 million in TofuRella cheese alternative, so I know all-too-well the heartbreak of cheese addiction. It starts with a little cheddar or jack, then increases to brie and gouda. Eventually they’re found hustling the streets for american processed cheese food slices.

“Oral administration of a form of sugar found in milk causes brain damage in rats. If we use the current model and justification for marijuana prohibition, it looks like milk, cheese and ice cream should be placed in Schedule 1.” Clint Werner

Read more at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26748256/

THC + CBD and Memory Study

THC + CBD and Memory Study

Conditions: Marijuana Use; Cannabis Use; Cannabis Intoxication
Interventions: Drug: High THC/No CBD Marihuana; Drug: High THC/High CBD Marihuana; Drug: No THC/No CBD Marihuana
Sponsors: Hartford Hospital; Yale University. Not yet recruiting
http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04855526?term=cannabinoid+OR+cannabidiol+OR+Cannabis+OR+THC&lupd_s=04%2F08%2F2021&lupd_d=14

Cannabidiol in the management of bruxism

Cannabidiol in the management of bruxism in behavioral variant of frontotemporal degeneration

SD Pina-Escudero, M Okada de Oliveira, A Snyder… – Neurocase, 2021

ABSTRACT Awake bruxism is an understudied feature of behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). We present the case of aman who presented with psychiatric, behavioral, cognitive changes, and teeth clenching that resulted in significant changes in his teeth alignment including an underbite. He received multiple treatments with partial response. He then started using acannabidiol (CBD) capsule, and the grinding was almost completely relieved after this intervention.” […]

Influence of Altitude on Phytochemical Composition of Hemp Inflorescence: A Metabolomic Approach (2020)

[…] “Environmental conditions influenced by elevation have proven to be important factors inducing variations in hemp inflorescences’ secondary metabolite composition. In fact, all plants grown at altitude exhibited a higher total amount of terpenes when compared with plains counterparts, with β-Myrcene, trans-Caryophyllene and α-Humulene as the main contributors.”[…]
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32197420/

Establishment of an Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated targeted mutagenesis in Hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.)

Establishment of an Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated targeted mutagenesis in Hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.)

Plant Biotechnol J. 2021 May 7. doi: 10.1111/pbi.13611. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is an annual and typically dioecious crop. Due to the therapeutic potential for human diseases, phytocannabinoids as a medical therapy is getting more attention recently. Several candidate genes involved in cannabinoid biosynthesis have been elucidated using omics analysis. However, the gene function was not fully validated due to few reports of stable transformation for Cannabis tissues. In this study, we firstly report the successful generation of gene-edited plants using an Agrobacterium-mediated transformation method in C. sativa. DMG278 achieved the highest shoot induction rate, which was selected as the model strain for transformation. By overexpressing the cannabis developmental regulator chimera in the embryo hypocotyls of immature grains, the shoot regeneration efficiency was substantially increased. We used CRISPR/Cas9 technology to edit the phytoene desaturase gene and finally generated four edited cannabis seedlings with albino phenotype. Moreover, we propagated the transgenic plants and validated the stable integration of T-DNA in cannabis genome.

PMID:33960612 | DOI:10.1111/pbi.13611

#Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33960612/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=None&utm_content=12OY-2YuXEtecDR7WE-A2c-rtPCJqs0e275YvMbwhvRR34bgib&fc=None&ff=20210507184323&v=2.14.4 May 7, 2021 10:00 am

Bioaugmented Phytoremediation of Metal-Contaminated Soils and Sediments by Hemp and Giant Reed

Bioaugmented Phytoremediation of Metal-Contaminated Soils and Sediments by Hemp and Giant Reed

Front Microbiol. 2021 Apr 20;12:645893. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.645893. eCollection 2021.

ABSTRACT

We assessed the effects of EDTA and selected plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on the phytoremediation of soils and sediments historically contaminated by Cr, Ni, and Cu. A total of 42 bacterial strains resistant to these heavy metals (HMs) were isolated and screened for PGP traits and metal bioaccumulation, and two Enterobacter spp. strains were finally selected. Phytoremediation pot experiments of 2 months duration were carried out with hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) and giant reed (Arundo donax L.) grown on soils and sediments respectively, comparing in both cases the effects of bioaugmentation with a single PGPR and EDTA addition on plant and root growth, plant HM uptake, HM leaching, as well as the changes that occurred in soil microbial communities (structure, biomass, and activity). Good removal percentages on a dry mass basis of Cr (0.4%), Ni (0.6%), and Cu (0.9%) were observed in giant reed while negligible values ( > roots > leaves > stems) with largest quantities in rhizomes (Cr 0.6, Ni 3.7, and Cu 2.2 g plant-1). EDTA increased Ni and Cu translocation to aerial parts in both crops, despite that in sediments high HM concentrations in leachates were measured. PGPR did not impact fine root diameter distribution of both crops compared with control while EDTA negatively affected root diameter class length (DCL) distribution. Under HM contamination, giant reed roots become shorter (from 5.2 to 2.3 mm cm-3) while hemp roots become shorter and thickened from 0.13 to 0.26 mm. A consistent indirect effect of HM levels on the soil microbiome (diversity and activity) mediated by plant response (root DCL distribution) was observed. Multivariate analysis of bacterial diversity and activity revealed not only significant effects of plant and soil type (rhizosphere vs. bulk) but also a clear and similar differentiation of communities between control, EDTA, and PGPR treatments. We propose root DCL distribution as a key plant trait to understand detrimental effect of HMs on microbial communities. Positive evidence of the soil-microbe-plant interactions occurring when bioaugmentation with PGPR is associated with deep-rooting perennial crops makes this combination preferable over the one with chelating agents. Such knowledge might help to yield better bioaugmented bioremediation results in contaminated sites.

PMID:33959108 | PMC:PMC8096354 | DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2021.645893

#Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33959108/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=None&utm_content=12OY-2YuXEtecDR7WE-A2c-rtPCJqs0e275YvMbwhvRR34bgib&fc=None&ff=20210507184323&v=2.14.4 May 7, 2021 10:00 am

Hemp Seminars at the World Ag Expo

If you’re in Hemp, plan on attending the virtual World Ag Expo.

The list of speakers is very robust and covering a wide range of extremely relevant topics in preparation for this upcoming 2021 season. The Hemp track boasts 23 seminars.

Richard Rose and Abhishek Mohan will be part of a chat with Lance Kreck: “The Current Landscape of Hemp in the USA and Internationally.”

To learn more: https://wae21.mapyourshow.com/8_0/explore/session-tracks.cfm/#/show/cat-sessiontracks%7CHemp

R U a Hemp Nut? T-shirt

The Cannabis Art Guild is proud to offer the community the next generation in Conscious Activist gear. Wear your activism proudly with the HempNut T-shirt.

The pioneering iconic Hemp Food brand, The Original HempNut “Hulled Hempseed,” has returned to the Cannabis community after more than 20 years, with a message of Hope and Unity for the next generation. 

While HempNut, Inc. foods lived on thousands of store shelves across the US and Canada only from 1994-2002, it’s legendary logo and story live on in service to the community it helped create.

Through technology available today and in the spirit of Activism, the founder of HempNut has allowed the timeless logo being used in collaboration with selected social Cannabis causes.

HempNut gets zero zip zilch nada from sales, in order to raise more funds for these causes. The first beneficiary is the campaign Free Lance Gloor, a medical marijuana caregiver jailed for growing a plant legal in his state.

This is the first time in a generation that the legendary Original HempNut logo will be offered on any product. 

Support comes in many forms, if you’re not in a position to support these causes through a purchase of a shirt, please consider Sharing this post. 

Either way, check ’em out: http://cannabisartguild.org/hempnut

Hemp Economic Mobilization Plan Act (HEMP Act)

Senator Rand Paul is planning to introduce the Hemp Economic Mobilization Plan Act (the H.E.M.P. Act).

It raises max THC to 1%, clarifies delta-9 not total THC, that the margin of uncertainty is 0.075%, and that compliance for local police is defined as possession of a COA for the seed from which it was grown.

It would be better if it mandated non-decarb testing, granted CBD and hemp flower products such as smokable hemp GRAS status to FDA, and allowed pot felons in hemp. It would be great to see the MORE Act have some provision for hemp such as these. Hemp’s biggest problem has long been Marijuana laws.

Testing products not plants is the most “end-use” way of looking at hemp that I’ve seen. Notwithstanding state or local law, it would allow any Cannabis to be grown as long as the finished product was <1% D9 THC. Fiber products would easily comply, even if from marijuana. Currently in Colorado, marijuana stalks are destroyed as if a Schedule 1 controlled substance; this would give them a potential use. Now, if a state were to mandate testing D9 THC only via HPLC or other non-decarb method, literally all Cannabis is hemp. Many other nations have max Total THC at 1%.

It’s heartening that Sen. Paul is still doing this after being thrown to the curb by the hemp industry and Moscow Mitch, both ignoring the fact that Paul carried a hemp legalization bill EVERY session since 2005 when it was time to celebrate the 2018 Farm Bill passing.

“Phytocannabinoids: What Is on the Horizon?”

Cayman Chemicals, makers of analytical reference standards for labs, offers this free report “Cayman Currents Issue 34: Phytocannabinoids: What Is on the Horizon?

Articles:

Cannabis: Our Key to the Endocannabinoid System

Degradants Formed During Phytocannabinoid Processing

​International Regulation and Control of Hemp and Cannabinoids

Here’s a chart from one page of it, a cannabinoid “cheat-sheet:”

Click here to download a free copy: https://www.caymanchem.com/literature/phytocannabinoid-currents

MORE Act Defunds Police

Think of the MORE Act as a partial Defund The Police measure.

From the Orange County Register in 2020:

Between the years 2012 and 2017, Reason’s CJ Ciaramella showed the Chicago police department seized $150 million worth of personal property without conviction 23,065 times— the vast majority of those instances occurring in predominantly black neighborhoods. What’s more, in Chicago’s particular case, police were found to have taken everything from cashiers checks to Xbox controllers, and a total of nearly 6,000 vehicles—which seriously disrupts people’s daily life.

This is true looting.

Ciaramella goes on to write that the “average estimated value of a seizure was $4,553, while the median value was $1,049 about three-quarters of all seizures were cash, not property.” The state of Illinois notoriously maintains prosecutors and police that keep up to 90% of all asset forfeiture in state revenue, and if you observe all assets between 2005 and 2015, the number jumps to a net worth of $319 million.

So the police departments and federal agencies like the DEA are taking in revenue to fund their programs, and black people are being forced to provide it.

The following analysis of the $13.7 billion net gain to the federal government from legalizing marijuana like in the MORE Act doesn’t even include decreases in enforcement costs or 280e tax savings, or the savings to citizens from this literal highway robbery. All too often just saying “I smell Marijuana” has been the ace up the sleeve of every trooper who wanted to search a car for cash.

MORE Act Passes House

The MORE Act passed the House today. It moves now to the Senate where it and 395 other bills will sit, democracy and good governance still-born by a madman from Kentucky. But it’s the first movement in 50 years of the lie of Schedule 1 and “no medical value” and I’ll take it.

PS: almost all of it can be done by Executive Order, screw Moscow Mitch. Now watch all those making money on the current dysfunctional system scream and howl in 3-2-1…

Historic U.N. Cannabis Vote Tally

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation to delete cannabis and cannabis resin from Schedule IV of the 1961 Convention, but to maintain it in Schedule I of the 1961 Convention was decided by 27 votes to 25 and with one abstention to follow this recommendation. Cannabis and cannabis resin will accordingly be deleted from Schedule IV of the 1961 Convention. They remain in Schedule I of the 1961 Convention and thus remain subject to all levels of control of the 1961 Convention.

The WHO recommendation to move delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and its isomers from the schedules of the 1971 Convention to Schedule I of the 1961 Convention was rejected by 23 votes to 28 with 2 abstentions.

The WHO recommendation to delete extracts and tinctures of cannabis from Schedule I of the 1961 Convention was decided by 24 votes to 27 and with 2 abstentions not to adopt this recommendation.

The WHO recommendation to add a footnote to Schedule I of the 1961 Convention to read “Preparations containing predominantly cannabidiol and not more than 0.2 per cent of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol are not under international control” was decided by 6 to 43 votes and with 4 abstentions not to add such a footnote.

Good work Michael Krawitz, Kenzi Riboulet-Zemouli, Farid Ghehioueche and team at FAAAT.

Click here to read more.

Varieties High in Beta-Caryophyllene

These are the varieties (or “strains”) of Cannabis high in Beta-Caryophyllene, which is also a CBR2 (cannabinoid receptor 2) agonist. One form of it, Beta-Caryophyllene Oxide, is the smell they use to train dogs to find Marijuana. That’s why some dogs alert on Hemp, as it too contains Beta-Caryophyllene. Find or breed a cultivar without BCP, name it “Smuggler’s Best Friend.”

Kamala Harris: Marijuana Legalizer?

While for most of her career she was a pain in the ass for California marijuana patients, doctors, growers, and vendors, Vice President candidate Kamala Devi Harris appears to have had a change of heart, and that should be honored, applauded, and ultimately leveraged by pro-legalization forces.

No D or R has done more to progress the legalization movement in history than Harris. Nevertheless, it appears she could grow dreads, beg forgiveness on live TV, grow 10 tons of flowers to give free to patients, hit a bong on the Colbert Show, roll a perfect joint every time, and rap on Snoop’s album and it still won’t be enough for some professing to be legalizers. The Cannabis industry’s circular firing squad in action. Purity tests are the favorite tool of Democrats to slow down movements.

Despite the fact that it is not a sure thing and makes her an easy target for foes, her Marijuana Opportunity, Reinvestment and Expungement Act (MORE Act, SB 2227) deschedules marijuana and more. In addition to her MORE Act, Harris co-sponsored Sen. Cory Booker’s Marijuana Justice Act. Similar to her bill, the news that Harris was in favor of the bill in its 2018 marked her shift towards a new attitude on marijuana.

Since then she’s supported the SAFE Banking Act and sent a letter to the Justice Department demanding they stop blocking research on medical Cannabis. Her bid for the Democratic presidential nomination included descheduling marijuana.

In a post to Twitter Harris noted that “legalizing marijuana” was one of the necessary steps toward her goal of ending mass incarceration. This represents a 180° change of heart for her on marijuana.

It is way more than “our friends” in Congress Polis, Blumenauer, Lofgren, Nadler, Gabbard, Perlmutter, Waters, Neguse, DeGette, Markey, Lee, Boxer, Feinstein, Wyden, Warren, or Booker have done. Unless the industry plans on running Tommy Chong or Steve DeAngelo as President, she’s by far the best we got on this right now. In a just world Biden will let her take the lead on this issue.

Here’s the details on her “Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act of 2019 or the MORE Act of 2019…

This bill decriminalizes marijuana. Specifically, it removes marijuana from the list of scheduled substances under the Controlled Substances Act and eliminates criminal penalties for an individual who manufactures, distributes, or possesses marijuana. The bill also makes other changes, including the following:

replaces statutory references to marijuana and marihuana with cannabis,

requires the Bureau of Labor Statistics to regularly publish demographic data on cannabis business owners and employees,

establishes a trust fund to support various programs and services for individuals and businesses in communities impacted by the war on drugs,

imposes a 5% tax on cannabis products and requires revenues to be deposited into the trust fund,

makes Small Business Administration loans and services available to entities that are cannabis-related legitimate businesses or service providers,

prohibits the denial of federal public benefits to a person on the basis of certain cannabis-related conduct or convictions,

prohibits the denial of benefits and protections under immigration laws on the basis of a cannabis-related event (e.g., conduct or a conviction), and

establishes a process to expunge convictions and conduct sentencing review hearings related to federal cannabis offenses.”

JoMala owes it to us to reform the criminal justice they so badly screwed up.

DEA: HIA Trying to ‘Hijack’ Agency

Ever since HIA sued DEA for legalizing outright 96% of the US hemp industry no max THC, it has no longer been helpful to hempsters, especially HIA.

That suit killed hemp foods for years and almost took Canadian hemp down with it.

Now the king of PR stunts is at it again: https://hempindustrydaily.com/dea-lashes-out-in-hemp-lawsuit-says-hemp-activists-are-trying-to-hijack-agency-priorities/

CannaSearch Daily: 13,505 Posts per Year

CannaSearch Daily for 2/1/2019 to 11/18/2020: 24,277 posts on Cannabis, CBD + Hemp.

Popular to academic, studies to news. Read what the media will write about in a few days to a few years hence, today. Predict market moves.

That’s 37/day, 259/week, 1,110/month, and 13,505/year. Free.

Delivered to your inbox every morning or online, no ads no spam no cost. YW.

CannaSearch Daily

NYS Hemp Regs Set Standard

By the New York state definition, Full Spectrum CBD extract up to 0.3% THC made from hemp and containing large amounts of CBD or CBG is legal, since any cannabinoids present are incidental and not added. FDA has a similar loophole for hempseed oil containing up to 0.3% THC and say 9% CBD, as the cannabinoids are incidental and not added.

New York state defines “full spectrum” as:
• Derived from a hemp extract.
• Contains cannabinoids, aromatics, essential vitamins and minerals, fatty acids, protein, chlorophyll, flavonoids or terpenes.
• Has not been reformulated or has not had cannabinoid isolates or distillates added to it.

MORE Act: Perfect the Enemy of Good?

The 5% excise tax is my only problem with the bill; even a one-penny-per-ton tax demands to have a big expensive bureaucracy handle its administration.

But shall we let perfect be the enemy of good?

The devil is in the details, and we have a strong hand with the landslide for reform last Election Day.

That 5% could only apply to imports and interstate, hence just MSOs (Multi-State Operators, aka: “Big Weed,” large corporate marijuana operations, often publicly-traded companies).

A federal excise tax on only imports and interstate sales of regulated marijuana would give locals an advantage, as it discourages not ban interstate sales of marijuana.

Until the Senate is flipped, almost all of its provisions could be accomplished by Executive Order by President Biden. In my perfect world Harris takes on criminal justice reform, which touches so many Americans, so deeply. From asset forfeiture to minimum mandatories to marijuana legalization, who better to redeem her karma than the effective former prosecutor from California?

TL;DR: text of Kamala Harris’ Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act of 2019 or the MORE Act of 2019: https://therichardrosereport.com/the-tldr-of-the-more-act/

List of E.U. Approved Hemp Varieties for 2020

Here is the list of E.U. approved Hemp varieties for 2020. And click here to see the Canadian variety list.

Adzelvieši
Antal
Armanca
Asso
Austa SK
Balaton
Beniko
Bialobrzeskie
Cannacomp
Cannakomp
Carma
Carmagnola
Carmaleonte
Chamaeleon
Codimono
CS
Dacia Secuieni
Delta-405
Delta-llosa
Denise
Diana
Dinkatou
Dioica 88
Earlina 8 FC
Eletta Campana
Epsilon 68
Fasamo
Fedora 17
Fédora 19
Fédrina 74
Felina 32
Felina 34
Ferimon
Férimon 12
Fibranova
Fibrante
Fibriko TC
Fibrimon 24
Fibrimon 56
Fibrimor
Fibrol
Fibror 79
Fibroseed
Finola
Futura
Futura 75
Futura 77
Futura 83
Glecia
Gliana
Helena
Henola
Ivory
Juso 14
KC Bonusz
KC Dora
KC Virtus
KC Zuzana
KCA Borana
Kompolti
Kompolti hibrid TC
Kompolti sárgaszárú
Lipko
Lovrin 110
Marcello
Marina
Markant
Matrix
MGC 1003
MGC 1006
MGC 1013
Mietko
Moniseed
Monoica
Multiseed
Olivia
Orion 33
Pūriņi
Rajan
Ratza
Red petiole
Santhica 23
Santhica 27
Santhica 70
Secuieni Jubileu
Selun
Silesia
Silvana
Sofia
Succesiv
Szarvasi
Teodora
Tiborszallasi
Tisza
Tygra
Uniko B
Uso-31
Villanova
Wielkopolskie
Wojko
Zenit

The TL;DR of the MORE Act

Since not having actually read the MORE Act hadn’t prevented many from arguing ad hominem against it, here is the summary (hint: it’s a damn good start):

Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act of 2019 or the MORE Act of 2019

This bill decriminalizes marijuana.

Specifically, it removes marijuana from the list of scheduled substances under the Controlled Substances Act and eliminates criminal penalties for an individual who manufactures, distributes, or possesses marijuana.

The bill also makes other changes, including the following:

replaces statutory references to marijuana and marihuana with cannabis,

requires the Bureau of Labor Statistics to regularly publish demographic data on cannabis business owners and employees,

establishes a trust fund to support various programs and services for individuals and businesses in communities impacted by the war on drugs,

imposes a 5% tax on cannabis products and requires revenues to be deposited into the trust fund,

makes Small Business Administration loans and services available to entities that are cannabis-related legitimate businesses or service providers,

prohibits the denial of federal public benefits to a person on the basis of certain cannabis-related conduct or convictions,

prohibits the denial of benefits and protections under immigration laws on the basis of a cannabis-related event (e.g., conduct or a conviction), and

establishes a process to expunge convictions and conduct sentencing review hearings related to federal cannabis offenses.

USDA Hemp Comment Period Ends October 8

You have until October 8 to make comments to USDA regarding hemp:

Establishment of a Domestic Hemp Production Program

Summary
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) is providing an additional thirty (30) days for public comments on the interim final rule (IFR) that established the Domestic Hemp Production Program on October 31, 2019. Reopening the comment period gives interested persons an additional opportunity to comment on the IFR. Comments are solicited from all stakeholders, notably those who were subject to the regulatory requirements of the IFR during the 2020 production cycle.

Dates
The comment period for the interim final rule published on October 31, 2019, at 84 FR 58522, is reopened. Comments must be received by October 8, 2020.

Supplementary Information
The IFR (84 FR 58522, October 31, 2019) was issued under Section 10113 of Public Law 115-334 December 20, 2018, the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill). Section 10113 amended the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (AMA) by adding Subtitle G (sections 297A through 297D of the AMA). Section 297B of the AMA requires the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) to evaluate and approve or disapprove State or Tribal plans regulating the production of hemp. Section 297C of the AMA requires the Secretary to establish a Federal plan for producers in States and territories of Indian Tribes not covered by plans approved under section 297B. Lastly, section 297D of the AMA requires the Secretary to promulgate regulations and guidelines relating to the production of hemp in consultation with the U.S. Attorney General. USDA is committed to issuing the final rule expeditiously after reviewing public comments and obtaining additional information during the initial implementation.

Background
The IFR established a domestic hemp production program pursuant to the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018. The IFR outlines provisions for the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to approve plans submitted by States and Indian Tribes for the domestic production of hemp. It also establishes a Federal plan for producers in States or territories of Indian Tribes that do not have their own USDA-approved plan. The program includes provisions for maintaining information on the land where hemp is produced, testing the levels of total tetrahydrocannabinol, disposing of plants not meeting necessary requirements, licensing requirements, and ensuring compliance with the requirements of the new part. As a supplement to statutory and regulatory requirements, USDA made available additional guidance documents on sampling and laboratory testing. In addition, on February 27, 2020, USDA delayed requirements for hemp testing laboratories to obtain Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) registration and clarified allowable cannabis disposal methods.

This document notifies the public of the reopening of the comment period from September 8, 2020 to October 8, 2020. Comments previously submitted to USDA by stakeholders during the initial sixty day public comment period [October 31, 2019-December 30, 2019] or during the thirty day extension period [December 31, 2019-January 29, 2020] need not be resubmitted, as these comments are already incorporated into the public record and will be considered in the final rule.

Public Comment Requested
AMS received approximately 4,600 comments from stakeholders during the initial ninety-day public comment period. These comments represent the perspectives of various organizations and individuals within the stakeholder community and provided AMS additional context for decision making. AMS is reopening the public comment period for the IFR to encourage additional input on several topics identified by commenters during the initial ninety-day comment period. The reopening of the public comment period allows stakeholders to provide AMS with further insight gained from the 2020 hemp growing season. AMS is interested in this additional input for all aspects of the U.S. domestic hemp production program, and particularly interested in comments on the following topics:

1: Measurement of Uncertainty for Sampling
2: Liquid Chromatography Factor, 0.877
3: Disposal and Remediation of Non-Compliant Plants
4: Negligence
5: Interstate Commerce
6: 15-Day Harvest Window
7: Hemp Seedlings, Microgreens, and Clones
8: Hemp Breeding and Research
9: Sampling Methodology—Flower vs. Whole Plant
10: Sampling Methodology—Homogenous Composition, Frequency, and Volume
11: Sampling Agents
12: DEA Laboratory Registration

Click here to make comments by October 8, 2020: https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=AMS-SC-19-0042-4666

Kaneh Bosm in New Zealand

Where there’s a will there’s a way. Cannabinoids illegal in your country for human consumption? Then sell them “not for human consumption.”

Click here to read more: https://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/BU2009/S00368/nzs-first-legal-cannabinoid-oil-is-proving-a-hit-with-religious-leaders.htm

DEA Can Legally Distribute Seized Pot

When authorities seize illicit Cannabis they destroy it, thereby depriving patients of medicine and keeping the price and tax high for licensed operators. But seized controlled substances could be transferred to DEA for distribution to a researcher, FDA, NIDA, or even a State for distribution to patients:

Title 21 United States Code (USC) – Controlled Substances Act
SUBCHAPTER I — CONTROL AND ENFORCEMENT
Part E — Administrative and Enforcement Provisions

§881. Forfeitures
[…]
(e) Disposition of forfeited property
(1) Whenever property is civilly or criminally forfeited under this subchapter the Attorney General may—
[…]
(D) forward it to the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs [now DEA] for disposition (including delivery for medical or scientific use to any Federal or State agency under regulations of the Attorney General);

and

TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER II–DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION
PART 1307 — MISCELLANEOUS

Disposal of Controlled Substances

Sec. 1307.22 Delivery of surrendered and forfeited controlled substances.
Any controlled substance surrendered by delivery to the Administration under part 1317 of this chapter or forfeited pursuant to section 511 of the Act (21 U.S.C. 881) may be delivered to any department, bureau, or other agency of the United States or of any State upon proper application addressed to the Office of Diversion Control, Drug Enforcement Administration.

Congress: Increase Pot Growing Penalties

Because prohibition works so well (not), some in Congress want to increase penalties for growing marijuana or Shrooms on federal land.

H.R. 7540, The PLANT Act of 2020: “To impose enhanced penalties for conduct relating to unlawful production of a controlled substance on Federal property or while intentionally trespassing on the property of another that causes environmental damage, and for other purposes.”

Hemp Opportunity Zone Act (HR 8131) Introduced

Congressman Denver Riggleman (R-VA 5th) introduced the Hemp Opportunity Zone Act (HR 8131) in the House Representatives on August 28.

The bill expands on the Opportunity Zones program which was a key component of the 2017 Tax Cuts and Job Act. More importantly it requires a study of many aspects of commercial hemp, from adding hempseed to school lunches, use as an animal feed, source material for PPE, feasibility of USDA compliance by farmers, raising max THC to 1%, intoxication potential from hemp, ability to compete in a 1% world, and use of hemp as an energy source.

“The Hemp Opportunity Zone Act is a huge win for farmers in the 5th District. Hemp farming is a new and thriving industry,” said Congressman Riggleman. “By providing these tax incentives hemp growers in Virginia and the 5th District are primed to lead based on their historic production of tobacco,” said Riggleman.

The governor of each state will designate opportunity zones, while not exceeding 5% of the total area of the state. The legislation will create a program that provides tax incentives to farmers who grow and produce hemp in low income areas. The goal of the program is to help farms in the area that need it most. It was assigned to the House Agriculture, and Ways and Means Committees.

“A Bill
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to establish Hemp Opportunity Zones. This Act may be cited as the “Hemp Opportunity Zone Act of 2020”.
[…]
SEC. 6. MARKETABILITY STUDY AND REPORT.

(a) IN GENERAL.-The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, shall study the issues described in subsection (b) with respect to the production of hemp and, not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, submit to Congress a report of the findings of such study.
(b) ISSUES.-The issues described in this subsection, with respect to the production of hemp, are as follows:
(1) The potential opportunities for hemp seed to be used as an animal feed and any obstacles to approval for such use.
(2) The potential opportunities for hemp to be used to create personal protective equipment for healthcare workers and first responders.
(3) The feasibility and financial impact of hemp producer compliance with applicable Department of Agriculture sampling timetables.
(4) The feasibility of hemp producer compliance with Department of Agriculture reporting requirements.
(5) The feasibility of hemp producer compliance with a legal maximum 0.3 percent tetrahydrocannabinol limitation, including compliance and losses due to non-compliance, and a comparison to the feasibility of a legal maximum 1.0 percent tetrahydrocannabinol limitation.
(6) The maximum tetrahydrocannabinol level for the crop to have no psychotropic effect or intoxicating potential.
(7) The ability for United States hemp producers to compete globally with other countries that have a maximum 1.0 percent tetrahydrocannabinol limitation.
(8) Identifying market challenges and opportunities for a craft and small hemp producers to remain competitive in the United State and global hemp marketplace.
(9) The nutritional value and benefits of foods, drinks, and supplements produced from hemp-based products, and the potential benefits of including hemp-based food, drink, supplements, and protein to certain public school meal programs.
(10) Which items procured by the Federal Government, or items used by contractors or subcontractors of the Federal Government at any tier, can be substituted by a hemp-based product.
(11) Identify potential opportunities for hemp to be used as a renewable energy source.”

Click here to download the bill.

MORE Act Out of Committee

The companion bill to Sen. Kamala Harris’ SB 2227, HR 3884 (the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement Act or MORE Act), was passed out of committee with GOP help. The MORE Act deschedules marijuana.

It’ll reveal who is on our side in the House, but likely will die in the Senate barring an October Surprise, of which this increases the Probability.

https://www.ktsm.com/news/washington-dc/house-will-vote-on-removing-cannabis-from-controlled-substances-list/

Cali’s AB 2028: Frying Pan to Fire

UPDATE: it appears the bill is dead in this session. Expect it to be revived next year. The research institution changes alone would have sunk most research. Adding the Harmonized Tariff Code language included hemp fiber to it, they were likely aiming for imported biomass. Like other marijuana states, they want CBD in dispensaries where they can make more tax on it.

The latest in California’s attempt to kill off the hemp industry just got worse. I recently wrote about AB 228, but now AB 2028 is out and it’s worse.

California is angling to turn CBD products over to marijuana dispensaries by making the burden on sellers great.

Oddly, the bill’s sponsors took an entirely unrelated bill, the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act, and amended the heck out of it. I smell time-pressure desperation.

It also includes fiber products, such as textiles, rope, even hempcrete:

(d) Industrial hemp shall include products imported under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (2013) of the United States International Trade Commission, including, but not limited to, hemp seed, per subheading 1207.99.03, hemp oil, per subheading 1515.90.80, oilcake, per subheading 2306.90.01, true hemp, per heading 5302, true hemp yarn, per subheading 5308.20.00, and woven fabrics of true hemp fibers, per subheading 5311.00.40.” and “(11) A registrant that grows industrial hemp shall retain an original signed copy of the laboratory test report for two years from its date of sampling, make an original signed copy of the laboratory test report available to the department, the commissioner, or law enforcement officials or their designees upon request, and shall provide an original copy of the laboratory test report to each person purchasing, transporting, or otherwise obtaining from the registrant that grows industrial hemp the fiber, oil, cake, or seed, or any component of the seed, of the plant.” Hemp fiber has always been exempt from Marijuana laws.

One of the largest hemp fiber importers is located in California. Ironically, the owner was the Chair of the original California Industrial Hemp Advisory Board.

Ironically for a bill designed to regulate the CBD industry, “CBD” or “Cannabidiol” is not mentioned even once.

Before you blame today’s politicians, be aware this has been going on since 2009 when the hemp association HIA got the world’s worst hemp law introduced. It finally passed in 2013, and was designed to appear to legalize but actually blocked hemp production until December 2018, with the Farm Bill. It rolled out the red carpet for GMO pot under the hemp program. None of this is by accident, the names of the politicians means little, they are just today’s cogs in a much bigger machine. The Sponsors are listening to someone, I wonder whom?

The Legislature needs to pass it in the next few days, or not until next year. Rand Martin, a lobbyist with MVM Strategy, is helping US Hemp Roundtable with the bill.

Summary of the biggest changes…

Starts May 1, 2021.

Breeders took the hardest shot.

Mandatory use of certified cultivars. There are no certified cultivars developed for the latitudes in south, and most are for fiber production.

Total THC (post-decarb).

Much of AB 228 is in it, such as no claims and burdensome record-keeping.

Grandfathers food into essentially a GRAS status.

An industrial hemp product cannot be synthetic.

Food processor using hemp has to register and be burdened with record-keeping.

Excludes seed from the “industrial hemp product” definition but only for nonfoods, ironic as that’s where the resin and cannabinoids are, stuck to the outside of the seed coat.

“Manufacturing” includes seed pressing and shelling.

Bans advertising except to adults.

Smokable hemp flowers (non-tobacco tobacco replacement), CBD vapes, hemp-containing beer, wine, spirits, alcohol-based tinctures, and alcohol extracts are banned.

Must use the following statement on packaging: “THE FDA HAS NOT EVALUATED THIS PRODUCT FOR SAFETY OR EFFICACY.”

This removes shelled hempseed, hempseed oil, protein powder, and Epidiolex from the regulations:

“Industrial hemp product” does not include industrial hemp or a hemp product that has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration or a hemp product that includes industrial hemp or hemp that has received Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) designation.

Includes pet products, but not fodder or silage.

Allows marijuana dispensaries to sell hemp products.

Complying with the 2018 Farm Bill, no drug felons convicted in the last 10 years.

Click here to download the AB 2028 document with proposed amendments.

END

Team Legalize Cannabis at the U.N. Needs Your Help

Please help Kenzi and Michael do the critical Cannabis legalization work at the United Nations. All national drug laws are based on the U.N.’s drug treaties.

These are good people doing good work, and they need our help:

“Kenzi Riboulet-Zemouli & his team are creating a sustainable future for cannabis & hemp.

Hi! Most of you know me as part of the think tank FAAAT. We managed to move some lines in international drug policy, particularly on cannabis and hemp related policies and regulations.

Independent research on drug policy reform is absolutely quintessential!

This is why I ask for your support today. To keep researching. To stay independent.

In summer 2020, FAAAT continues in “pause” for lack of funding and I am in struggle to continue working on the topics I am passionate about, and believe I can bring meaningful inputs to. I am also engaged (voluntarily, as always) in supporting policy reform groups in various developing countries, to make #sustainability #humanrights and the protection of the #environment a reality. This is the best way to stay independent, meaningful and useful to people and the planet.

Your support will be much appreciated! Thank you in advance.”

Please click here to donate:
https://www.patreon.com/teluobir

DEA Comment Period Open

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) opened a 60-day comment period on its proposed Interim Final Rule on hemp (IFR). How often does DEA ask your opinion? This is one, so don’t blow it; tell them what you think about marijuana prohibition and Schedule 1.

This IFR is a minor technical housekeeping clarification of what DEA has been doing since December 2018 anyway, and is effective immediately. Clarifies hemp is legal even if it contains 0.3% delta-9 THC by dry weight, plant and products (which creates legal exposure for extractors and processors of Crude, which can be greater than 0.3% THC before dilution). Clarifies synthetic THC is Schedule 1, nothing new there. Clarifies that CBD is not a Schedule 1 controlled substance. Removes import and export restrictions on CBD even if from marijuana if <0.1% THC. DEA clarifies the THC standard is delta-9, not Total THC. Deschedules Epidiolex by GW Pharmaceuticals. Clarifies you can’t talk your way out of being over 0.3% with your silver tongue (labeling, ads, etc). Even if “from hemp,” if it is over 0.3% THC then it is Schedule 1 marijuana.

It is silent on delta-8 THC, except indirectly when referring to “The term ‘hemp’ means the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” I don’t share the opinion that delta-8 THC is synthetic and thus Schedule 1. Delta-8 is considered by scientists to be naturally-occurring in processing. That it is produced by conversion of THCa or delta-9 is little different than the normal decarboxylation of THCa to THC, or CBDa to CBD, or isomerization of CBD to Δ9 or Δ8 THC or CBN. In any event, the opening round is no time to concede.

This IFR can only be enforced by DEA on non-hemp and DEA Licensees. But no doubt other LEOs might use it. While DEA can do anything they want but only to their Licensees, they can’t write new law. The rest of us are RICO felons to them.

CBD Crude (called Work-In-Process Hemp Extract (WIPHE) by Attorney Rod Kight) that is over 0.3% delta-9 THC before dilution was always a gray area as it was over 0.3% THC but it was a naturally and unavoidable consequence of processing of compliant <0.3% THC hemp. That was found by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals to be legal in 2004, no maximum THC. That decision also permanently enjoined DEA from enforcing the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) on THC found in compliant hemp. This IFR clarification creates a conflict with the Ninth Circuit decision. One workaround is to get a DEA 225 License (despite being a requirement violating the Fifth Amendment).

From that case in the Ninth:
IV. CONCLUSION
The DEA’s Final Rules purport to regulate foodstuffs containing “natural and synthetic THC.” And so they can: in keeping with the definitions of drugs controlled under Schedule I of the CSA, the Final Rules can regulate foodstuffs containing natural THC if it is contained within marijuana, and can regulate synthetic THC of any kind. But they cannot regulate naturally-occurring THC not contained within or derived from marijuana-i.e., non-psychoactive hemp products-because non-psychoactive hemp is not included in Schedule I. The DEA has no authority to regulate drugs that are not scheduled, and it has not followed procedures required to schedule a substance.

For the hemp supply chain, the biggest potential disruption is the chains’ belief, right or wrong, that “CBD is illegal” because of the publicity. That happened in 2001 when HIA accomplished the very thing they accused DEA of attempting, namely killing the hemp food market. They almost killed off Canadian hemp with it.

This tempest in a teapot and confusion over the IFR could be a good thing if it reduces the number of Cannabinoid Cowboys seeing delta-8 like they did CBD: $€£¥. That would leave more market for the lion-hearted and might increase overall quality.


Executive Summary

The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, Public Law 115-334 (the AIA), was signed into law on December 20, 2018. It provided a new statutory definition of “hemp” and amended the definition of marihuana under 21 U.S.C. 802(16) and the listing of tetrahydrocannabinols under 21 U.S.C. 812(c). The AIA thereby amends the regulatory controls over marihuana, tetrahydrocannabinols, and other marihuana-related constituents in the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

This rulemaking makes four conforming changes to DEA’s existing regulations:

It modifies 21 CFR 1308.11(d)(31) by adding language stating that the definition of “Tetrahydrocannabinols” does not include “any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that falls within the definition of hemp set forth in 7 U.S.C. 1639 o.”

It removes from control in schedule V under 21 CFR 1308.15(f) a “drug product in finished dosage formulation that has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that contains cannabidiol (2-[1R-3-methyl-6R-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-yl]-5-pentyl-1,3-benzenediol) derived from cannabis and no more than 0.1% (w/w) residual tetrahydrocannabinols.”

It also removes the import and export controls described in 21 CFR 1312.30(b) over those same substances.

It modifies 21 CFR 1308.11(d)(58) by stating that the definition of “Marihuana Extract” is limited to extracts “containing greater than 0.3 percent delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on a dry weight basis.”

This interim final rule merely conforms DEA’s regulations to the statutory amendments to the CSA that have already taken effect, and it does not add additional requirements to the regulations. Accordingly, there are no additional costs resulting from these regulatory changes. However, as discussed below, the changes reflected in this interim final rule are expected to result in annual cost savings for affected entities.

[…]

Taken together, these two changes made by the AIA limit the definition of marihuana to only include cannabis or cannabis-derived material that contain more than 0.3% delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (also known as Δ9-THC) on a dry weight basis. […] Pursuant to the AIA, unless specifically controlled elsewhere under the CSA, any material previously controlled under Controlled Substance Code Number 7360 [only for DEA Licensees, THC extracts] (marihuana) or under Controlled Substance Code Number 7350 [only for DEA Licensees, extracts such as CBD] (marihuana extract), that contains 0.3% or less of Δ9-THC on a dry weight basis—i.e., “hemp” as that term defined under the AIA—is not controlled. Conversely, any such material that contains greater than 0.3% of Δ9-THC on a dry weight basis remains controlled in schedule I.

In order to meet the AIA’s definition of hemp, and thus qualify for the exception in the definition of marihuana, a cannabis-derived product must itself contain 0.3% or less Δ9-THC on a dry weight basis. It is not enough that a product is labeled or advertised as “hemp.” The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently found that many cannabis-derived products do not contain the levels of cannabinoids that they claim to contain on their labels. Cannabis-derived products that exceed the 0.3% Δ9-THC limit do not meet the statutory definition of “hemp” and are schedule I controlled substances, regardless of claims made to the contrary in the labeling or advertising of the products.

[…]

Finally, nothing in the AIA or in these implementing regulations affects or alters the requirements of the Food, Drug, & Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act). See 7 U.S.C. 1639r(c). Hemp products that fall within the jurisdiction of the FD&C Act must comply with its requirements [foods, beverages, cosmetics]. FDA has recently issued a statement regarding the agency’s regulation of products containing cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds, and DEA refers interested parties to that statement, which can be found at https://www.fda.gov/newsevents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm628988.htm.

[…]


People give DEA way more power than it deserves. It can’t write new law, so every Grand Pronouncement is just for its Licensees. But having a comment period is golden, it allows the People to be heard. Just like when the USDA opened their comment period on rule changes a year ago, and FDA opened one on Cannabis which is still open, this is our chance to get our opinion and concerns on the record.

Every Activist, Farmer, Processor, Distributor, Retailer, Fan, Customer, Patient, Patriot, or other interested party should comment, just on Principle. This is our chance; 100,000 comments changed organic policy at USDA in 2010.

Always always always comment when the government allows it, and especially get others empowered to influence the outcome this way. It’s the ONLY easy way to build a base of supporters and influence policy, short of buying a Senator. It’s a gift from God, use it.

Although DEA says it can ignore comments, I suggest nevertheless making them by October 20. Final Rule is effective starting August 21, 2020. Electronic comments must be submitted, and written comments must be postmarked, on or before October 20, 2020 at 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time.

The Hemp Industries Association lost HIA 3 in 2018 because it failed to comment on CBD being assigned Controlled Substance Code Number 7350 in the proscribed period in 2016, back when it was comment period. HIA hadn’t yet figured out CBD was its future thus were silent. It also failed to make a comment to FDA’s list of pre-DSHEA ingredients in 2017. It lost HIA 3 solely because it never commented. It appears you need to comment to have standing before the court to complain about a policy previously open to public comment.

Click here to make comments to DEA on Cannabis, CBD, Cannabinoids, Marijuana, Hemp, or Schedule 1 for what DEA once called “safest therapeutically active substance known to man” but FDA says has “no medical value.”

Here are suggestions for comments:

Since 47 states have found medical value from marijuana, deschedule from its current Schedule 1 (“no medical value”). Deschedule completely at the state and federal levels, decriminalize. Leave to the states to regulate as each sees fit. End the last Nixon Dirty Trick.

Allow the release current nonviolent marijuana prisoners, commute, pardon and/or expunge past records. Restore their voting rights.

Encourage an end to Mandatory Minimum sentences which take sentencing discretion away from Judges.

Cut DEA’s budget by at least by 1/3, reflecting changes in state marijuana laws and thus its Mission. Address the growing and deadly opioid crisis or the trafficking of children instead.

Allow patients to choose, possess, grow, and make their choice of medicine without fear of arrest.

End the arrests of adults for marijuana in “legal marijuana” states.

There are over 43,427 studies on the U.S. National Institutes of Health’s PubMed on Cannabis and Cannbinoids, going back to 1840. That’s 43,427 reasons to deschedule starting long before DEA or FDA even existed.

Safe, popular, efficacious Cannabis products professionally-prepared by many of today’s mainstream drug companies and sold over-the-counter by pharmacists pre-date FDA by almost a century, and should be allowed today.

Legalizing medical marijuana enjoys over 90% support, and legalizing adult-use marijuana enjoys 70% support. Please follow the will of The People.

Respect the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals permanent injunction against DEA enforcing the Controlled Substances Act against chemicals found in compliant hemp. We both know 0.31% THC hemp is not marijuana and should be treated as such by DEA or the USDA.

DEA must not interfere with USDA’s administration of compliant hemp, including requiring analytical laboratories be registered with DEA.

Exempt from the Controlled Substances Act all products originally derived from compliant hemp.

Stalk and fiber has always been exempt from the Controlled Substances Act, so do not subject stalk, fiber and fiber products to maximum THC limits.

Allow FDA to declare Cannabinoids and resin GRAS, a food ingredient existing before 1994.

Encourage hemp as a non-tobacco tobacco replacement for improved public health.

The definition of Hemp should raised to 1% maximum delta-9 THC, from 0.3% today.

Allow THC testing methods other than post-decarboxylation.

Allow drug felons who have paid their debt to society to participate in the USDA hemp program for rehabilitation.

Hemp extract works in process” should be exempt from THC limits.

DEA has no jurisdiction in wholly intRAstate operations. Even Justice Clarence Thomas agrees: “In the early days of the Republic, it would have been unthinkable that Congress could prohibit the local cultivation, possession, and consumption of marijuana.

Schedule 1 is a very severe penalty for what DEA’s own Administrative Law Judge called “the safest therapeutic substance known to man.” Please deschedule completely.


This Rule document was issued by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Action
Interim final rule with request for comments.

Summary
The purpose of this interim final rule is to codify in the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) regulations the statutory amendments to the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) made by the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (AIA), regarding the scope of regulatory controls over marihuana, tetrahydrocannabinols, and other marihuana-related constituents. This interim final rule merely conforms DEA’s regulations to the statutory amendments to the CSA that have already taken effect, and it does not add additional requirements to the regulations.

Dates
Effective August 21, 2020. Electronic comments must be submitted, and written comments must be postmarked, on or before October 20, 2020. Commenters should be aware that the electronic Federal Docket Management System will not accept comments after 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the last day of the comment period.

Addresses
To ensure proper handling of comments, please reference “RIN 1117-AB53/Docket No. DEA-500” on all correspondence, including any attachments.

Electronic comments: The Drug Enforcement Administration encourages that all comments be submitted electronically through the Federal eRulemaking Portal, which provides the ability to type short comments directly into the comment field on the web page or attach a file for lengthier comments. Please go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the online instructions at that site for submitting comments. Upon completion of your submission, you will receive a Comment Tracking Number for your comment. Please be aware that submitted comments are not instantaneously available for public view on http://www.regulations.gov. If you have received a Comment Tracking Number, your comment has been successfully submitted, and there is no need to resubmit the same comment.

Paper comments: Paper comments that duplicate the electronic submission are not necessary and are discouraged. Should you wish to mail a paper comment in lieu of an electronic comment, it should be sent via regular or express mail to:

Drug Enforcement Administration
Attn: DEA Federal Register Representative/DPW
Diversion Control Division
8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, VA 22152

For Further Information Contact
Scott A. Brinks

Diversion Control Division
Drug Enforcement Administration
8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152
Telephone: (202) 598-2596.

Please note that all comments received are considered part of the public record. They will, unless reasonable cause is given, be made available by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) for public inspection online at http://www.regulations.gov. Such information includes personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) voluntarily submitted by the commenter. The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) applies to all comments received. If you want to submit personal identifying information (such as your name, address, etc.) as part of your comment, but do not want it to be made publicly available, you must include the phrase “PERSONAL IDENTIFYING INFORMATION” in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also place all of the personal identifying information you do not want made publicly available in the first paragraph of your comment and identify what information you want redacted.

If you want to submit confidential business information as part of your comment, but do not want it to be made publicly available, you must include the phrase “CONFIDENTIAL BUSINESS INFORMATION” in the first paragraph of your comment. You must also prominently identify the confidential business information to be redacted within the comment.

Comments containing personal identifying information and confidential business information identified as directed above will generally be made publicly available in redacted form. If a comment has so much confidential business information or personal identifying information that it cannot be effectively redacted, all or part of that comment may not be made publicly available. Comments posted to http://www.regulations.gov may include any personal identifying information (such as name, address, and phone number) included in the text of your electronic submission that is not identified as directed above as confidential.

An electronic copy of this document and the complete Economic Impact Analysis, to this interim final rule are available in their entirety under the tab “Supporting Documents” of the public docket of this action at http://www.regulations.gov under FDMS Docket ID: DEA-500 (RIN 1117-AB53/Docket Number DEA-500) for easy reference.

Trump’s October Surprise?

Could Trump Legalize Marijuana as His October Surprise? Here’s how and why.

Welcome to what now appears to be the Cognitive Dissonance corner. In today’s edition, we’ll explore how President Trump might pull the rug out from under the Democrats by legalizing marijuana in an “October Surprise.”

Many people view the world in terms of either black or white and don’t see the million shades of gray in-between, and have a fetish for labeling and pigeon-holing people based on the most-scant of evidence. So indoctrinated by partisan politics, they read the exact same words and one calls me a Republican (the Democrat) and the other calls me a Democrat (the Republican).

News flash: like me, most of the country is purple, not red or blue.

I’m not a Democrat and I’m not a Republican. Calling me a Democrat is fightin’ words; I consider Bernie a Centrist (as any European would) and Biden/Harris boot-licking police-state lovers. Yet, I long for the GOP of William F Buckley, principled in its selfish reasoning. As you can see, I belong to the largest voting bloc in the country, that of Independent.

The Left and the Right, United Against Harris

So far I’ve written about Biden’s Bad Bills, the fact that JoMala owes us, and that Harris was born to legalize (and why). I haven’t written on Trump because I don’t feel the need to belabor the obvious: a 32% drop in GDP (the “Trumpression”) from mismanaging a pandemic killing mostly his base, 40 million recently unemployed, and a once-glorious nation reduced to a global laughing-stock, now the punchline to a bad joke that will last throughout history. “Let them eat cake” will be replaced with “so much winning.” “Benedict Arnold” and “Neville Chamberlain” got bumped for “Donald Trump” as shorthand for a nation’s betrayers to their enemy. Ironically, by shitting on Obama’s legacy Trump actually ensured it, making clearer the contrast in governing competence.

Small-minded people on both sides used not facts, analysis, or well-considered reasoning to get me to change my mind. Instead, they fell back to the ol’ American standby: bullying ad hominem, juvenile name-calling, and bluff and bluster. A lifetime of being the Outsider has made me impervious to it, in fact it gives me the strength to dive deeper. I leverage their animus. One has to care what their vapid opinion is for it to have impact, so save it for someone who does. Consensus is over-rated. If, on the off-chance someone has a better plan or vision, I’m all ears. I keep expecting a George Will or Gore Vidal, instead I get Mister Ed.

New Day Requires New Vision

It seems most want to assume that the way it always was is the way it will always be. I don’t agree, we are in unprecedented times and it requires new thinking, a new vision, and since power concedes nothing without a demand, a demand for change. I’m not suggesting forgiving and forgetting Biden and Harris’ bad record on marijuana, rather I want to leverage it for change. Use their record to encourage their continued evolution on this, to get legalization. The worse they were back then, the more we can leverage it today. Tweet about it, ask about it at Town Halls, hold their feet to the fire.

Those on both sides need to step out of their narrow partisan lane for a moment and consider new information. Don’t be that guy who thinks the same thing on Wednesday that he did on Monday, no matter what happened on Tuesday. We are in new terrain here, the old tropes and baked-in mindsets don’t work anymore. The GOP of yore is not the GOP of today, and the Dems have to either react appropriately or perish.

The nature of politics is that legalization today requires a Prohibitionist prosecutor to change his or her mind. Someone like Tommy Chong or Steve DeAngelo is not likely to rise to the “highest” office in the land, but a “California’s Top Cop” like Kamala Harris is. So I don’t understand why those on the Left can’t appreciate what is happening here in real time, Harris’ “come to Jesus” moment.

Bizarrely, some actually think that an open ex-stoner Jamaican/Indian from Oaktown sponsoring the Marijuana Opportunity, Reinvestment and Expungement Act (MORE Act, SB 2227) descheduling marijuana, co-sponsoring Senator Cory Booker’s Marijuana Justice Act, co-sponsoring the SAFE Banking Act, sending a letter to the Justice Department demanding they stop blocking research on medical Cannabis, and tweeting  that “legalizing marijuana” was one of the necessary steps toward her goal of ending mass incarceration is all just one big insincere ruse to trick us into voting for Biden.

There is little upside to Harris, Bernie Sanders, or Booker to sponsor legislation to legalize marijuana. Notice Warren didn’t, nor did Klobuchar, Gabbard, Patrick, Delaney, Bullock, O’Rourke, Ryan, Sestak, Gillibrand, Moulton, Gravel, Swalwell, Ojeda, or Bennet. It’s hardly a sure ticket to the White House, legislating your conscience by legalizing marijuana has its risks.

Even the most-liberal Congressman from the most-liberal town in the country had awful ideas about marijuana, wanting to treat it like alcohol, tobacco, guns, and bombs. If we can’t take Harris at her word now on this, no one else will rise to the challenge and join her. It’s imperative that her MORE Act get some traction, and it appears that’s happening even without the Left’s help.

One Issue Voter: Legalize

I don’t have a horse in this race, save one: Marijuana legalization. Yes, I know Biden and Harris suck, yes I know Trump and Pence suck, yes I know the Dems and the GOP suck. I’m not stupid, I’m hopeful. I’m not fetishizing the past, I’m looking to the future. I’m not blind, I see a path to using their Prohibitionist record to get legalization, either by them or by Trump (as to which: “I really don’t care, do U?”).

Being from the San Francisco Bay Area, my first and longest political affiliation was the Peace and Freedom Party. I cut school to go to anti-war and “ecology” protests in the ’70s. For that I was called “commie” and “pinko” by John Birchers, many of whom have children today totally cool with Putin running the show in the White House. I’ve been advocating for marijuana legalization since educating voters outside grocery stores on California’s Prop 19 to legalize in 1972, at 16 still too young to vote myself. Reading the words of Thomas Jefferson, I’ve wanted a revolution for almost 50 years now in order to preserve our liberties, willing to “refresh the tree of liberty with the blood of patriots and tyrants.” Ironically, we got a revolution in 2016, fake hair and tan and all.

The right wing and the left wing are both parts of the same rotten bird, and having a (D) or an (R) after one’s name means little in the grand scheme of things. Yes, there are real policy differences between the two for sure, but today I’m a One Issue Voter. After 83 years of racist unconstitutional laws, I want real, full, true marijuana legalization. I know we’ll never get “our” XXIst Amendment, or “our” DSHEA, so I’ll settle for simply no longer locking up and stealing assets of those involved in growing a popular safe medicinal plant.

And I don’t much care who does it, just that it gets done. Ex-stoners Clinton, Bush, and Obama betrayed us. That leaves Biden/Harris to step up, or Trump to steal their thunder. So know that when I say while Harris was born to legalize as Bob Marley’s spiritual daughter and everyone will love Joe’s repentance story on marijuana, I’m totally cool if Trump does it.

Both parties have blood on their hands on this. The Dems had their chance over and over to retract the bad laws they wrote, but failed. That’s 83 years of a now-profoundly unpopular law (90% of the public support legalization of medical) Democrat FDR gave us, racist and unconstitutional from Day One. Schedule 1 from a Democratic Congress 50 years ago was in defiance of Republican President Nixon’s hand-picked Shafer Commission recommending decriminalization, and was against Congressional intent. The Dems’ crime bills and minimum mandatory sentencing has put some of our best and brightest away for years in prison and worse, while doing nothing to slow addiction and the rise of gangs.

At first blush ending the war on marijuana might seem trivial, insignificant. But it touches so much: economic expansion, jobs, real estate, police reform and safety, re-deploying police funding, increasing respect for the police, reducing the daily danger to police, criminal justice reform, gang/cartel disruption, redeploying resources to catch pedophiles, reducing militarization of police, reducing systemic racism, reducing mass incarceration and its impact on families, voters’ rights, states’ rights, rehabilitation of inner cities, reducing state and federal expenses and increasing tax revenue, tax reform, USDA, FDA, TTB, FBI, banking, private prison reform, reducing corruption, reducing teen marijuana use, improving public health, increasing societal happiness, reducing disability, deaths and suicides, the surveillance state, civil liberties, Constitutional protections, patient access to safe affordable medicine, sustainability and climate change, food security, DUI and deaths from traffic accidents, government waste, reducing reliance on imports, increasing farm revenues, sustainability of industrial hemp, reducing Big Pharma’s influence in politics, and more.

October Surprise

In the waning days before the election, desperate AF, Trump’s October Surprise might go like this:

Today I directed Timothy Shea, Acting Administrator of DEA, to start the process of DESCHEDULING marijuana, or “Cannabis” as my kids call it, to be completed within 6 months of my inauguration. Eric lived in the GREAT state of Colorado after college, and learned much about it. He’s very smart.

And what Roger Stone, Kanye West and Rush Limbaugh told me makes sense: sick people NEED access to safe, affordable medicine and I say “why not let them?” It’s just the RIGHT thing to do, William F Buckley and Milton Friedman would agree.

Police have better things than to do than spend $13 Billion per year to protect NASTY Big Pharma, who the dirty Democrats are totally in bed with. I’ve always been a big fan of States RIGHTS. The biggest. “Jailin’ Joe” and “Devi” put many in prison, mostly black. Millions. Took away their RIGHT to vote. I’m going to fix that.

God gave us this plant and I’m told God does not make mistakes. You can’t let the cure be WORSE than the disease. Some of us are so SMART we can afford to lose a few IQ points to be healthier. Let investors in on it, close the open border to grow and make it here in USA = more JOBS. Focus instead on addictive and deadly opioids.

Healthier people, fewer death and suicides, less PTSD in vets (thank you for your service), frees police to catch PEDOS instead of farmers… it’s a WIN-WIN!!!

Biden’s Defense

If Trump does that, Biden could see the writing on the wall and give this speech:

I have worked to reduce the pain of drugs on society, which I have seen first-hand. Since the 1980s, I have worked long and hard to put pushers in prison where I thought they belonged.

But now I realized times have changed, and more importantly I have changed. What we thought was best back then turned out to hurt certain parts of the population more than others. The unintended consequences of protecting children from the ravages of drugs resulted in far more people of color in prison than whites. My wonderful wife Jill, a medical doctor, has shared the recent research on using Cannabis to treat so many afflictions, and I must say it was very impressive. Over 40,000 studies.

I realized what is right then isn’t right now, and that our laws must reflect that. Times change. Therefore, my administration will deschedule Cannabis, as set forth in my running mate Senator Kamala Harris’ bill, the MORE Act. Hopefully we can heal the division in society caused by these laws, and for my part in them I ask your forgiveness. ‘Forgive them Lord for they know not what they do.’

Senator Kamala Devi Harris will be just a heartbeat from the Presidency, and could very well be our first female President. With her heritage from the oldest and biggest marijuana country (India) as well as the most famous (Jamaica), straight outta Oakland, and prosecuting many POC as DA and AG to appear properly deferential to authority, was she born to legalize marijuana and reform the federal Criminal Justice system?

But Trump also has a play here as well, and could easily co-opt the Dems and steal their thunder on this massively popular issue, which was once in the GOP ideological wheelhouse.

Textbook PoliSci, I agree it’s far-fetched. But Trump has rewritten the rules. ANYthing can happen now. Even legalization.

I don’t put anything past him. And I never underestimate the ability of the Democrats to snatch defeat from the jaws of victory come November 3.

#1iv #1issuevoter #BidenHarris2020 #Trump2020 #Legalize

New York Ditches Hemp Program

New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets has cancelled its hemp program, freeing farmers and processors to go direct through USDA.

It might be the first time government over-regulation killed a government program: “It is the Department’s view that many of the requirements concerning the scope and timing of sampling and testing, the disposal of non-compliant plants, and reporting are unrealistic and impose unreasonable burdens on growers and any state interested in administering a compliant program.”

The letter in its entirety:

“August 14, 2020

Dear Industrial Hemp Grower:

Four years ago, the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets (Department) embarked on its industrial hemp pilot research program. Year after year, with the Governor’s untiring support, New York expanded its research program with new initiatives to further support hemp cultivation and processing. Our program has grown from 30 acres and two growers in 2016 to over 20,000 acres for hemp cultivation and over 500 producers authorized in 2019.

With the passage of the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (the 2018 Farm Bill), Congress authorized a national licensing system for the cultivation of hemp under the control of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Central to the 2018 Farm Bill was Congress’ directive to provide states the opportunity to assume primary regulatory authority under plans proposed by the states that complied with rules to be developed by the USDA.

In October 2019, the USDA issued its Interim Final Rule governing the licensing and cultivation of hemp. The Department found substantial elements of the USDA’s requirements to be very challenging and contrary to Congress’ objective of stimulating the hemp industry. The Department shared its concerns with the USDA in hopes of timely revisions for the 2021 planting season.

Unfortunately, as of today, the Interim Rule remains unchanged. It is the Department’s view that many of the requirements concerning the scope and timing of sampling and testing, the disposal of non-compliant plants, and reporting are unrealistic and impose unreasonable burdens on growers and any state interested in administering a compliant program.

As such, the Department has notified USDA that it will not be submitting a state plan for the 2021 growing season. Unless the 2014 Farm Bill is extended or the USDA otherwise agrees to change its requirements for the 2021 grow season, it appears that growers interested in cultivating an industrial hemp crop in 2021 will need to apply to USDA for a producer license.

Please understand that the State will continue to advocate for reasonable requirements related to the oversight of industrial hemp. In this regard, the Department has asked the USDA to extend the 2014 Farm Bill until 2021 and to otherwise provide a more flexible regulatory structure. We have made clear that if the federal requirements are modified to remove the challenges communicated to the USDA, the Department will reconsider submitting a state plan to assume responsibility for the program.

We remain committed to the hemp industry in New York State and are optimistic that working with Congress, the USDA, and other hemp producing states, adjustments in the federal program will occur to make it more workable. In the meantime, we stand ready to assist you in the transition to USDA licensing for the next season should that be the only path available to growers on October 31.

Sincerely,
Richard A. Ball Commissioner”

THC in Hops

The Italian company North East Hemp has announced a patent-pending variety of Hops genetically-engineered to produce THC. They are stabilizing a CBD variety as well.

Natural Cannabinoids were never Scheduled by Congress, thus only Scheduled for DEA Licensees. Source matters: hop THC is thus legal federally. However, each state has a Controlled Substances Act, for instance THC is Schedule 1 in Colorado.

JoMala Owes Us

If Trump was going to legalize Marijuana, he would have by now. Cannabis reform’s only hope is with Biden/Harris.

Considering their past, there’s no one better to reform the profoundly unpopular, racist, and unconstitutional war on Marijuana than “JoMala.” They owe us one.

How often do you have the actual Architect and a loyal Soldier of the war on drugs running for a must-win election and needing our votes? It’s Pandering Season, squeeze some promises out of them like Harris’ SB 2227 but without the 5% federal tax and tobacco provisions. No tax because the enforcement cost savings will be $13.7 billion annually.

USDA Grants for Hemp Research Available

I can think of a hundred good projects, and that’s just in seed for food. Albumin egg replacer, functional proteins for meat analogs, breeding to increase lysine, whipping protein for foams, bio cellophane, advanced shelling techniques, particle size reduction, Cannabisin extraction, spectroscopy for instant field analysis and compliance …

From USDA:

INDUSTRIAL HEMP RESEARCH

The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) handles the extramural research aspects of industrial hemp. Researchers should continue following the guidance received regarding Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill.

Researchers should seek their own legal counsel and guidance from their state regulatory agency regarding what is allowable for conducting research in their respective state. The USDA cannot provide advice regarding state specific policies.”

Click here to read more at USDA.

U.N. Circular Firing Squad

The United Nations’ Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) is becoming less relevant by the day, regarding Cannabis. As more nations legalize it, the CND loses importance and relevance.

From Alfredo Pascual, writing in MJbizdaily, on the negotiations to criminalize legal CBD:

Most of the countries that made statements about Recommendation 5.5 also had opposing positions, but for other reasons:

  • Brazil was worried about several issues, including the possibility of THC products bearing fake CBD labels to disguise international control.
  • Japan showed concern about the potential application of this recommendation to nonmedical products, something “not in line with the (1961) Convention.”
  • Singapore emphasized “preparations containing THC should not be excluded from international control, regardless of the amount.”
  • Indonesia lamented the WHO made a “hasty” decision to say that CBD preparations with minimum THC aren’t liable to abuse and called for more research. The spokesperson of the country said it’s “unnecessary” to use CBD medicines to treat children with epilepsy, as other more efficacious medicines are already available.
  • Turkey criticized the “predominantly CBD preparations” definition as ambiguous. The speaker also questioned the current ambiguity surrounding “cannabis cultivation for nonmedical CBD.”

FDA’s Request for Comments on Descheduling Marijuana Open Now

We let CBD usurp what should have been about FDA’s 50-year lie called Schedule 1 for marijuana. That has to end now, especially in a post-Covid world. Now is the time for a full-court press to deschedule marijuana. We can have an impact as the comment period is open for an indefinite time.

Click for: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Proposed Rule: Scientific Data and Information About Products Containing Cannabis or Cannabis-Derived Compounds; Public Hearing; Request for Comments

We really blew this one. We let CBD usurp what should have been about FDA’s 50-year lie called Schedule 1 for marijuana. That has to end now, especially in a post-Covid world.

We really blew this one. We let CBD usurp what should have been about FDA’s 50-year lie called Schedule 1 for marijuana. That has to end now, especially in a post-Covid world. In crisis lies opportunity: DEA tried to legalize hemp products containing any amount of THC, in response to 9/11.

Now is the time for a full-court press to deschedule marijuana. We can have an impact as the comment period is open for an indefinite time. Here are suggested points for a comment that you should make by clicking here:

“Please end Schedule 1 for what the DEA’s Francis Young called “one of the the safest therapeutically active substances known to man,” namely marijuana. No other conversation about Cannabis or Cannabis-Derived Compounds is possible until that is accomplished, because after all, it’s a highly-restricted Schedule 1 Controlled Substance, with draconian penalties.

Because of FDA, for the last 50 years anyone even possessing it is committing a RICO felony, and many of our best and brightest suffered solely because FDA kept Cannabis in Schedule 1.

Congressional intent in 1970 was to make Schedule 1 only temporary. Everyone knew marijuana was medicinal and it was expected to descheduled after Nixon’s Shafer Commission report, which recommended decriminalization of marijuana. Nixon buried that report, and nothing changed. Lawmakers were thwarted.

As you know, Cannabis is one of mankind’s most-studied plants and its medicinal properties have been recognized for thousands of years. It is not a dangerous substance as the government actually sells it to many for research, at $2,497 per kg via NIDA’s Drug Supply Program Catalog.

Forty-six of the United STATES of America recognize some form of Cannabis as medicine, and what is the federal except a union of those states?

Please end Schedule 1 for marijuana. Thank you.”

Poland Proposes 1% max THC for Hemp

Now we’re talking. See, “0.3% is politically safe” was the milquetoast approach, just to have an easy win. This also puts pressure to allow non-approved varieties, the association’s biggest nightmare (they now have a monopoly) but the one thing that’ll finally kick Euro hemp into high gear.

This national proposal will mean Polish farmers are less likely to have non-compliant crops. But a better competitive position in the global market. It pushes the hemp reform agenda further, faster. If it spreads to all of the EU, Greece will have a fighting chance in hemp. The goal of all of us should be cultivar freedom, the right to use any compliant (1% max THC) variety, since they are testing THC anyway government approval of a variety counts for nothing. To be sure the associations will not like this, because it’s not controlling it or the narrative. It’s members want mandatory approved cultivars because they monopolize that. It wants 0.3% because it needs an easy win to stay relevant.

Truth is, this kind of moving of the Overton Window was desperately needed in Euro hemp, and will work to the association’s advantage, making their 0.3% proposal appear far more reasonable and centrist. US hemp needs a similar Overton Window-defining group as well, but none have the vision or gumption to even allow it, let alone do it.

Read more here: https://hemptoday.net/poland-proposes-1-thc/