Augmenting <em>Nesidiocoris tenuis</em> (Nesidiocoris) with a Factitious Diet of <em>Artemia</em> Cysts to Control <em>Bemisia tabaci</em> (Gennadius) on Tomato Plants under Greenhouse Conditions
Insects. 2021 Mar 21;12(3):265. doi: 10.3390/insects12030265.
Natural predators such as Nesidiocoris tenuis are known for their role in managing greenhouse pests. However, techniques in maximizing the biological control potential of N. tenuis under field conditions are still lacking. We evaluated under greenhouse conditions the prospects of Artemia cysts enhanced with high fructose corn syrup and honey, and delivered using hemp strings (hemp rope) as supplementary factitious dietary in augmenting the proliferation and spread of N. tenuis on tomato plants. Results showed that N. tenuis supplemented with hemp rope could establish, proliferate and disperse among tomato plants compared to the N. tenuis supplemented with banker plants. Even though N. tenuis proliferated exponentially on banker plants, their movement and relocation to tomato plants, as expected, were only congested on tomato plants near the banker plants. However, as the survey continued, they relocated to the rest of the tomato plants. Furthermore, the number of Bemisia tabaci eggs and nymphs, a serious greenhouse pest of tomato, was observed to be significantly reduced in hemp rope greenhouse compared to banker plants and the negative control (no pest control system) greenhouses. This study, therefore, establishes foundational data on the usage of Artemia cysts enhanced with isomerized sugar (high fructose corn syrup) and honey under greenhouse conditions as factitious supplementary dietary in supporting N. tenuis establishment and spread, traits that are essential towards development of whitefly Integrated Pest Management (IPM) system. enhanced with isomerized sugar (high fructose corn syrup) and honey.
PMID:33801083 | DOI:10.3390/insects12030265
#Hemp https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33801083/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=None&utm_content=12OY-2YuXEtecDR7WE-A2c-rtPCJqs0e275YvMbwhvRR34bgib&fc=None&ff=20210404032501&v=2.14.3 April 3, 2021 10:00 am