PubMed: LC-MS/MS quantitation of non-psychotropic cannabinoid cannabidiol in aqueous humor
J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2023 Mar 5;228:115324. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2023.115324. Online ahead of print.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the most abundant non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid isolated from Cannabis sativa. To support preclinical studies of ocular pharmacology of CBD, a bioanalytical method was developed and validated for quantification of CBD in aqueous humor using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Aqueous humor samples were subjected to protein precipitation by acetonitrile, followed by chromatographic separation using reversed phase LC on a Raptor ARC-18 column with mobile phase A: 0.1 % (v/v) formic acid in water (B) 0.1 % formic acid in acetonitrile (B) as eluents. Detection was carried out with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer with electrospray ionization operated in positive ion mode. Stable-isotope labeled CBD (CBD-d3) was used as internal standard. The total run time was 8 min. Quantification was accomplished within the validated concentration range of 0.5-500 ng/mL for CBD using a 5 µL sample. The lower limit of quantitation was 0.5 ng/mL. Inter- and intra-day precision is 4.737-7.620 % and 3.426-5.830 %, respectively. Inter- and intra-day accuracy ranged between 99.01 % and 100.2 % and 99.85-101.4 % respectively. The extraction recoveries were found to be 66.06 ± 5.146 %. The established method was successfully applied to investigate ocular pharmacokinetics of CBD in mice. Following intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of 50 mg/kg CBD, its concentration reaches a Cmax of 71.55 ± 36.64 ng/mL in aqueous humor, with a Tmax of 2 h and a half-life of 1.046 h. The AUC was 183.4 ± 49.17 ng * h/mL. The development and validation of this LC-MS/MS method is an important step toward the goal of assessing the aqueous humor concentrations of CBD and correlating the concentrations of this phytocannabinoid with its ocular pharmacologic effects.
PMID:36907022 | DOI:10.1016/j.jpba.2023.115324
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36907022/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20230313180115&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac March 12, 2023 10:00 am