PubMed: Cannabis Pen-Induced Psychosisin a First-Time Adolescent User

PubMed: Cannabis Pen-Induced Psychosisin a First-Time Adolescent User

Psychopharmacol Bull. 2023 Aug 11;53(3):61-65.

ABSTRACT

Cannabis is a widely used illicit substance that is historically consumed via smoking, but alternative methods of cannabis consumption have been growing in popularity over the past several decades. One such modality is vaporization, which can appeal specifically to adolescent consumers given these pen devices’ ease of concealment, lack of characteristic odor, and marketability. Cannabis products designed for vaping often have higher concentrations of the psychoactive component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), when compared with traditional cannabis leaf smoking. This can increase the intensity of cannabis-related effects such as analgesia, relaxation, appetite stimulation, and reduced nausea and emesis, but also potentially increases the risk for adverse effects such as dysphoria, and more severely, cannabis-induced psychosis (CIP). Here, we present the case of an adolescent female who was brought after school to our emergency department presenting with symptoms of acute psychosis. Her subsequent workup was effectively normal apart from a urine drug screen positive for THC, which the patient confirmed was due to use of a cannabis pen prior to leaving school that day. This prompted the diagnosis of CIP, which was self-limited and resolved without significant intervention. We use this case to provide the symptomatology and treatment of CIP secondary to cannabis pen use, as well as more broadly discuss the potential implications of cannabis vaping on adolescent neurodevelopment, substance use, and psychiatric comorbidities.

PMID:37601084 | PMC:PMC10434310

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37601084/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20230821190548&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac August 21, 2023 10:00 am