PubMed: Toxicity of cannabidiol and its metabolites in TM3 mouse Leydig cells: a comparison with primary human Leydig cells

PubMed: Toxicity of cannabidiol and its metabolites in TM3 mouse Leydig cells: a comparison with primary human Leydig cells

Arch Toxicol. 2024 Apr 17. doi: 10.1007/s00204-024-03754-x. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the major components extracted from the plant Cannabis sativa L., has been used as a prescription drug to treat seizures in many countries. CBD-induced male reproductive toxicity has been reported in animal models; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We previously reported that CBD induced apoptosis in primary human Leydig cells, which constitute the primary steroidogenic cell population in the testicular interstitium. In this study, we investigated the effects of CBD and its metabolites on TM3 mouse Leydig cells. CBD, at concentrations below 30 µM, reduced cell viability, induced G1 cell cycle arrest, and inhibited DNA synthesis. CBD induced apoptosis after exposure to high concentrations (≥ 50 µM) for 24 h or a low concentration (20 µM) for 6 days. 7-Hydroxy-CBD and 7-carboxy-CBD, the main CBD metabolites of CBD, exhibited the similar toxic effects as CBD. In addition, we conducted a time-course mRNA-sequencing analysis in both primary human Leydig cells and TM3 mouse Leydig cells to understand and compare the mechanisms underlying CBD-induced cytotoxicity. mRNA-sequencing analysis of CBD-treated human and mouse Leydig cells over a 5-day time-course indicated similar responses in both cell types. Mitochondria and lysosome dysfunction, oxidative stress, and autophagy were the major enriched pathways in both cell types. Taken together, these findings demonstrate comparable toxic effects and underlying mechanisms in CBD-treated mouse and primary human Leydig cells.

PMID:38630283 | DOI:10.1007/s00204-024-03754-x

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38630283/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1Ds1JEbG0OWaBdqM3tTUGjkFhFGaOtMecPdpuvzbuubWi6d9Fn&fc=20231022105433&ff=20240417132329&v=2.18.0.post9+e462414 April 17, 2024 10:00 am