PubMed: Proliferative effect of cannabidiol in human gingival fibroblasts via the mitogen-activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) 1/2
J Periodontal Res. 2023 Aug 28. doi: 10.1111/jre.13178. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabidiol exerts its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities in various human cells. However, its proliferative effect has not been extrapolated to human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). This study aimed to determine the proliferative and promigratory effects of cannabidiol in HGFs and to elucidate the signaling mechanism(s).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: HGFs, characterized by their CD73, CD90, and CD105 expressions by flow cytometry, were treated with cannabidiol at 0.01-30 μM. The cytotoxicity was determined by the MTT assay, while the proliferative effect was examined by the BrdU assay, immunoblot and immunofluorescence for cyclin D1 and Ki-67 expressions, respectively, and cell cycle analysis. The promigratory effect of cannabidiol was investigated by a wound healing assay. Phosphorylation of the p38 MAPK, JNK, and ERK upon treatment with cannabidiol was explored, and their involvement in cell proliferation and cyclin D1 and Ki-67 expressions was studied using pharmacological inhibitors.
RESULTS: No toxicity was found in HGFs treated with any doses of cannabidiol up to 30 μM. The mean percentage of cell proliferation was significantly enhanced by treatment with cannabidiol at 3 or 10 μM (p < .001), consistent with upregulated expressions of cyclin D1 and Ki-67 and increased percentages of HGFs in the S and G2/M phases. Moreover, treatment with cannabidiol significantly induced cell migration (p < .05). The p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 were significantly activated by cannabidiol (p < .05), but only pretreatment with UO126, a MEK1/2 inhibitor, significantly inhibited cell proliferation and cyclin D1 and Ki-67 expressions (p < .05).
CONCLUSION: Treatment with cannabidiol at non-toxic doses promotes HGFs’ proliferation and migration.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37641169/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20230829190555&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac August 29, 2023 10:00 am