PubMed: Time- and Temperature-Dependent Postmortem ?9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Concentration Changes in Rabbits following Controlled Inhaled Cannabis Administration

PubMed: Time- and Temperature-Dependent Postmortem ?9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Concentration Changes in Rabbits following Controlled Inhaled Cannabis Administration

J Anal Toxicol. 2023 Sep 27:bkad076. doi: 10.1093/jat/bkad076. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Postmortem redistribution (PMR), a well-known phenomenon in forensic toxicology, can result in substantial changes in drug concentrations after death, depending on the chemical characteristics of the drug, blood collection site, storage conditions of the body and postmortem interval (PMI). Limited PMR data are available for Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive component in Cannabis sativa. PMR was evaluated after controlled cannabis inhalation via a smoking machine and exposure chamber in New Zealand white rabbits. Necropsies were performed on five control rabbits immediately after euthanasia, whereas 27 others were stored at room temperature (21°C) or refrigerated conditions (4°C) until necropsy at 2, 6, 16, 24 or 36 h after death. THC and its phase I and glucuronidated phase II metabolites were quantified in blood, vitreous humor, urine, bile and tissues by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Under refrigerated temperature, heart blood THC concentrations significantly increased at PMI 2 h in rabbits, whereas peripheral blood THC concentrations showed a significant increase at PMI 16 h. Central:peripheral blood and liver:peripheral blood ratios for THC ranged from 0.13 to 4.1 and 0.28 to 8.9, respectively. Lung revealed the highest THC concentrations, while brain and liver exhibited the most stable THC concentrations over time. This report contributes much needed data to our understanding of postmortem THC behavior and can aid toxicologists in the interpretation of THC concentrations in medicolegal death investigations.

PMID:37758448 | DOI:10.1093/jat/bkad076

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37758448/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20230928190620&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac September 27, 2023 10:00 am