PubMed: Artificial intelligence models for validating and predicting the impact of chemical priming of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and light emitting diodes on in vitro grown industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)

PubMed: Artificial intelligence models for validating and predicting the impact of chemical priming of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and light emitting diodes on in vitro grown industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)

Plant Mol Biol. 2024 Mar 25;114(2):33. doi: 10.1007/s11103-024-01427-y.

ABSTRACT

Industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a highly recalcitrant plant under in vitro conditions that can be overcome by employing external stimuli. Hemp seeds were primed with 2.0-3.0% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) followed by culture under different Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) sources. Priming seeds with 2.0% yielded relatively high germination rate, growth, and other biochemical and enzymatic activities. The LED lights exerted a variable impact on Cannabis germination and enzymatic activities. Similarly, variable responses were observed for H2O2 × Blue-LEDs combination. The results were also analyzed by multiple regression analysis, followed by an investigation of the impact of both factors by Pareto chart and normal plots. The results were optimized by contour and surface plots for all parameters. Response surface optimizer optimized 2.0% H2O2 × 918 LUX LEDs for maximum scores of all output parameters. The results were predicted by employing Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), Random Forest (RF), and eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) algorithms. Moreover, the validity of these models was assessed by using six different performance metrics. MLP performed better than RF and XGBoost models, considering all six-performance metrics. Despite the differences in scores, the performance indicators for all examined models were quite close to each other. It can easily be concluded that all three models are capable of predicting and validating data for cannabis seeds primed with H2O2 and grown under different LED lights.

PMID:38526768 | DOI:10.1007/s11103-024-01427-y

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38526768/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1Ds1JEbG0OWaBdqM3tTUGjkFhFGaOtMecPdpuvzbuubWi6d9Fn&fc=20231022105433&ff=20240325192144&v=2.18.0.post9+e462414 March 25, 2024 10:00 am