PubMed: Cannabidiol protects against acute aortic dissection by inhibiting macrophage infiltration and PMAIP1-induced vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis

PubMed: Cannabidiol protects against acute aortic dissection by inhibiting macrophage infiltration and PMAIP1-induced vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis

J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2024 Feb 20:S0022-2828(24)00023-3. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2024.02.006. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Acute aortic dissection (AAD) progresses rapidly and is associated with high mortality; therefore, there remains an urgent need for pharmacological agents that can protect against AAD. Herein, we examined the therapeutic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in AAD by establishing a suitable mouse model. In addition, we performed human AAD single-cell RNA sequencing and mouse AAD bulk RNA sequencing to elucidate the potential underlying mechanism of CBD. Pathological assays and in vitro studies were performed to verify the results of the bioinformatic analysis and explore the pharmacological function of CBD. In a β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN)-induced AAD mouse model, CBD reduced AAD-associated morbidity and mortality, alleviated abnormal enlargement of the ascending aorta and aortic arch, and suppressed macrophage infiltration and vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) apoptosis. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that the pro-apoptotic gene PMAIP1 was highly expressed in human and mouse AAD samples, and CBD could inhibit Pmaip1 expression in AAD mice. Using human aortic VSMCs (HAVSMCs) co-cultured with M1 macrophages, we revealed that CBD alleviated HAVSMCs mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis by suppressing the BAPN-induced overexpression of PMAIP1 in M1 macrophages. PMAIP1 potentially mediates HAVSMCs apoptosis by regulating Bax and Bcl2 expression. Accordingly, CBD reduced AAD-associated morbidity and mortality and mitigated the progression of AAD in a mouse model. The CBD-induced effects were potentially mediated by suppressing macrophage infiltration and PMAIP1 (primarily expressed in macrophages)-induced VSMC apoptosis. Our findings offer novel insights into M1 macrophages and HAVSMCs interaction during AAD progression, highlighting the potential of CBD as a therapeutic candidate for AAD treatment.

PMID:38387723 | DOI:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2024.02.006

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/38387723/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1Ds1JEbG0OWaBdqM3tTUGjkFhFGaOtMecPdpuvzbuubWi6d9Fn&fc=20231022105433&ff=20240223012332&v=2.18.0.post9+e462414 February 22, 2024 11:00 am