PubMed: Development, Characterization and Pharmacological Evaluation of Cannabidiol-Loaded Long Circulating Niosomes

PubMed: Development, Characterization and Pharmacological Evaluation of Cannabidiol-Loaded Long Circulating Niosomes

Pharmaceutics. 2023 Oct 3;15(10):2414. doi: 10.3390/pharmaceutics15102414.

ABSTRACT

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a promising drug candidate with pleiotropic pharmacological activity, whose low aqueous solubility and unfavorable pharmacokinetics have presented obstacles to its full clinical implementation. The rational design of nanocarriers, including niosomes for CBD encapsulation, can provide a plausible approach to overcoming these limitations. The present study is focused on exploring the feasibility of copolymer-modified niosomes as platforms for systemic delivery of CBD. To confer steric stabilization, the niosomal membranes were grafted with newly synthesized amphiphilic linear or star-shaped 3- and 4-arm star-shaped copolymers based on polyglycidol (PG) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) blocks. The niosomes were prepared by film hydration method and were characterized by DLS, cryo-TEM, encapsulation efficacy, and in vitro release. Free and formulated cannabidiol were further investigated for cytotoxicity and pro-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory activities in vitro in three human tumor cell lines. The optimal formulation, based on Tween 60:Span60:Chol (3.5:3.5:3 molar ration) modified with 2.5 mol% star-shaped 3-arm copolymer, is characterized by a size of 235 nm, high encapsulation of CBD (94%), and controlled release properties. Niosomal cannabidiol retained the antineoplastic activity of the free agent, but noteworthy superior apoptogenic and inflammatory biomarker-modulating effects were established at equieffective exposure vs. the free drug. Specific alterations in key signaling molecules, implicated in programmed cell death, cancer cell biology, and inflammation, were recorded with the niosomal formulations.

PMID:37896174 | DOI:10.3390/pharmaceutics15102414

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37896174/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1Ds1JEbG0OWaBdqM3tTUGjkFhFGaOtMecPdpuvzbuubWi6d9Fn&fc=20231022105433&ff=20231028122222&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac October 28, 2023 10:00 am