PubMed: First Report of Hemp Fusarium Wilt Caused by <em>Fusarium oxysporum</em> in Croatia

PubMed: First Report of Hemp Fusarium Wilt Caused by <em>Fusarium oxysporum</em> in Croatia

Plants (Basel). 2023 Sep 18;12(18):3305. doi: 10.3390/plants12183305.

ABSTRACT

Wilted hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) plants were observed in August 2019 in commercial fields around Osijek, Croatia. Plants and roots with disease symptoms were collected. The single-spored isolates produced septate cottony white to light pink aerial mycelium and purple undersurface on potato dextrose agar (PDA). Smooth and hyaline hyphae were branched and septate. Macroconidia were fusiform to sickle-shaped with foot-shaped basal cells, elongated apical cells and three to five septa. Sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer and the partial elongation factor 1-α gene identified the species as Fusarium oxysporum. Artificial infection fulfills Koch’s postulates, producing plants which show stunted growth and wilt symptoms similar to those observed in the commercial fields. Control seedlings remained symptomless and healthy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of hemp Fusarium wilt causing F. oxysporum in Croatia. Considering that F. oxysporum has been reported in main field crops in Croatia, the presence of this pathogen could cause economically significant hemp production decreases, especially in humid and cold springs and susceptible varieties.

PMID:37765469 | DOI:10.3390/plants12183305

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37765469/?utm_source=Chrome&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=pubmed-2&utm_content=1NqsX9BbHlDygQ8TcgAlJilHgPpiuKQtyIr–a3-xbLzPoB9xM&fc=20220928170152&ff=20230928190620&v=2.17.9.post6+86293ac September 28, 2023 10:00 am